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However a film lover could have expected something more fiery, more intense, more unsettling from Claude Chabrol than just that.

To tell the truth there is more to this movie than Indeed there are good production values, fine colours, slightly stylized settings and a stellar cast.

Charles Denner, on the other hand, oddly directed by Chabrol, is a physical lookalike of the "sieur de Gambais" but fails to deliver both charm and terror.

All in all it seems like a tough and nasty version of a 60s Eddie Constantine film. When intruders interfere in the robbery of Le Mataf Michel Constantin and his gang and a girl is murdered, they are set up for blackmail by an underworld figure who wants them to do a job for him Fantastic Eurocrime film by Serge Leroy.

Great score by Stelvio Cipriani. Episodic portrait of a criminal, from until after the war. Roberto Borgo is tough, cool, sardonic, loyal, and deadly.

Awesome Jess Franco erotic horror film finally in English! This is probably the best version of the three. But despite using the same plot all three films are completely different.

Franco, is less concerned with the essentials of narrative than with mood and style. Lina Romay stars as a nightclub mind reader who finds herself under the influence of sinister forces and suffers from nightmares of bloody murder.

Lina Romay, Carmen Carrion and Daniel katz co-star. Four men, a journalist, a doctor, a professor and a merchant, meet up every evening in a deserted bar to play cards.

One night the police arrive with the news that a dead body has been found nearby and the inspector in charge is sure that one of them did it.

It is a whodunit, in an experimental vein. Plenty of krimi theory bandied about. What crossed my mind, however, was that it was more a meditation on gambling, that is until I discovered they were playing bridge.

The four men around the card table have no names, nor do they seem at all bothered by the consequences of murder and conviction. Bridge, as far as I know IS a friendly game.

Yes, I know, low stakes poker is pretty damned friendly! Horst Frank leads a criminal conspiracy that has control of the entire Mississippi River except for one river town whose sheriff is Brad Harris.

The Cherokee are portrayed as a plains tribes with British Colombian cultural motifs on their tipis living outside of Helena, Montana.

Helena is placed as river town on the Mississippi River next to Vicksburg. All the elements of a good popcorn Western are in place: Hard riding, saloon brawls, gunfights, Indian attacks, comic relief, and a dash of virginal romance.

The heroes are righteous, the villains are slimy, the Indians are the usual hot-headed, easily manipulated dupes, and the townfolks are gullible dopes.

A female civilization, possessing a strange science, look on our planet as invasion material. Their plan includes weird technology, sexy panties and death rays!

Lorena velasquez infamous sexy actress who usually played an Amazonian type co-stars. A lovely and naked Pamela Prati stars as the titled character in this amazing mix of sex and horror.

A Swiss legend tells of three herdsmen who let themselves in for the powers of evil and were punished gruesomely for their outrage Up on a mountain, far from their village, the three herdsmen lead an ascetic life without any company or contact to the rest of the world.

We have three very different characters, two of wich have no name: Second is a rather sleazy fellow who looks a little like Roman Polanski and seems to be disturbingly horny all the time and very fond of schnapps.

However, the boy has his own vice as he likes his favourite cow by the name of Bruni, to lick salt off his body. One day, the boy finds a curiously, face-shaped root in a cave.

They soon come to regret this when their creation comes to life The narrator, an elderly Manhattan lawyer with a very comfortable business helping wealthy men deal with mortgages, deeds, and bonds, relates the story of the strangest man he has ever known At first, Bartleby appears to be a boon to the practice, as he produces a large volume of high-quality work.

One day, though, when asked by the narrator to help proofread a copied document, Bartleby answers with what soon becomes his stock response: The narrator makes several attempts to reason with him and to learn something about him, but Bartleby offers nothing but his signature "I would prefer not to.

The Marquis de Villemaur reunite stranges visitors in his Castle, to meet a survivor of the 3rd Reich. There is an Italian fascist ; Heinrich, a German ; Matthias, a russian ; and Dromard, a blind French war hero, with a black monocle.

Catherine is left unmarried and pregnant when her mobster sweetheart is killed. With the help of another unmarried mother-to-be, Catherine goes looking for the stash of cash buried by her lover before his death.

Soon other thugs and her suspicious neighbors are following their every move in an attempt to recover the lost loot. Another great movie from director Georges Lautner that offers a pretty exciting mixture of crime flick, comedy and drama And a great leading role for Mireille Darc The plot is narrated via a series of flashbacks, and while this gives the film a rather disjointed feel, the talented director ensures that every scene flows well and is relevant to the plot.

The film revolves around Frank; the man shot at the beginning, as he lies in a pool of blood, he thinks back to how he got into that position - a story that centres on the mother of his nineteen year old girlfriend.

A fellow doctor and wanna-be vampire hunter believes that the Ferat sports car runs not on petrol, but on human blood! Twenty years after WW2 an Italian general Marcello Mastroianni embarks on a questionable mission through the heart of Albania searching for the remains of those who once fought on the side of the Fascists.

Relying on dated and often ambiguous records the general encounters an ambitious German colonel Gerard Klein who appears to be on a similar quest.

Jean Gabin is a sad piece of gambling wreckage, living from horserace to horserace by bullying his clientele to take shoddy tips.

His pride and bluster are still intact, though, and what baldfaced lies he gets away with! The snapshot views of Paris are nice too - the Bois de Boulogne walkers, French horseracing, even a woman learning to cook pheasant from a TV show.

Jean-Paul Belmondo stars in this Georges Lautner directed action comedy. After the failure of his recent criminal exploits, international con artist Alexandre Dupre sets off for Venice to try to dupe some Japanese business men into buying a fake copy of a stolen Caneletto.

On the airplane, a stranger asks him to look after his briefcase until after they have landed. Alexandre agrees, but the stranger is shot dead soon after and Alexandre himself becomes the target of enemy agents who are keen to recover the briefcase.

The blueprints of an airplane built from an ultra-secret metal are stolen from national security. French secret service agent Walder believes that the documents are now in Switzerland, in the hands of a man named Lindbaum.

The latter agrees to hand over the blueprints in return for a large sum of money. Another agent, Francis Coplan, is sent to Switzerland to handle the deal, but Lindbaum only has half of the documents because he was double-crossed by Kalpannen, an international crook.

Michel Piccoli, Valentine Tessier, and rada Rassimov star. When Michel gets the life-sized sex doll he ordered, shipped directly from Japan, he is only intrigued by it at first.

Then the silent unresponsiveness of the thing begins to haunt him, and he finds himself reacting to it as if it were an equally unresponsive living woman.

As time passes, more and more of his life is spent trying to satisfy or placate its relentless silence, and he goes somewhat mad.

He dresses the doll and takes it with him wherever he goes. When his usually very tolerant wife discovers what is going on, her jealousy knows no bounds and she attempts to imitate this threatening love-object.

The light-hearted quality of this addle-pated fantasy darkens quickly when various neighborhood men attempt to put the doll to its originally intended use.

It was released in , the year that the Nouvelle Vague took hold of French cinema. The former members of the network have carried on with their lives after the war, but this evening they are going to have to live again a fateful night - the night their leader was killed.

He had been betrayed, his name given to the Germans. The search for the traitor puts each personality in the spotlight - and also that of the killed leader, Castille.

Why is the woman running? Why is the witch after her? And who are the three young men she keeps seeing in the woods as she runs? The second part has two men fleeing a plague of some sort.

Before long, however, the mind of one of the men starts playing tricks in regards to the woman they buried. They then get into a nasty fight which leaves the second man dead and the first man suffering even more hallucinations.

Man 1 then buries Man 2. But is the other man really dead? Why does the first man begin to have "visions" of his former friend un-burying himself and stalking him in the woods?

Far out stuff here; the end of this segment is most unusual. Segment 3 has to do with a scientist and his cat who both ingest some chemicals by accident.

This liquid gives the victims the appearance of being dead, but we quickly discover the scientist and the cat are merely paralyzed. Have a funeral and bury the unfortunate scientist.

Can the scientist wake up from his paralysis in time to avoid being buried alive? Lucky for the cat he was able to get up and walk away when the paralysis wore off!

Max Baumstein is a reputable businessman, a rich self-made man with a conscience - he founded a highly visible and active international organization fighting against violations of human rights.

Why would he commit an act that apparently negates the principles he has striven for so long to uphold? Eventually, he reveals a secret about himself that he kept hidden from his younger wife Lina, and that in a roundabout way concerns her as well.

It is the conclusion of a struggle that started many decades earlier, when Elsa Wiener, a German singer exiled in Paris, without money or relations, a refugee among many others, faced two daunting problems: Earth is invaded by a race of superior assholes who plan to destroy all life so they can enjoy all the earth has to offer.

The Visigoths invade Italy during the later years of the Roman Empire. I found the whipping scenes mildly interesting, just from the standpoint of how raw they seemed and how believable the cries of pain were.

Plenty of pretty girls, murders, good plot and excellent music - this is what this movie about.. In the ensuing turmoil, the killers manage to escape.

Together with a male accomplice, they terrorize the guests of a hotel in a remote part of Scotland, where they hide from the police Mara Rita Hayworth runs a gas station in the middle of nowhere and has gone a little crazy since her darling son Rocky mysteriously vanished.

She imagines passing young men to be the missing boy and Jonas Walker is no exception. But she gives Jonas a reason to stay around.

Before Santo, there was the man in the silver mask!! The main role was offered to Santo, but he refused. This film is the starting point of the "Lucha Libre" genre.

So, presumably this film opens the genre. Repeatedly, the character of this film use the distinctive "Silver masked.

Was planned as a series, for this reason has "cliffhanger endings", but was never presented in that way, it rolls as a normal movie.

Occasionally you hear the eerie music that would later become indispensable in the atmosphere of the Santo movies. This film has higher production and better performance than a Santo movie.

The Roman was one of the best comic actors of the Italian cinema, he made many memorable films. Dante Fontana Sordi is an Italian man in love with British culture and lifestyle.

Norman goes to Barcelona, where he has one weekend to transport the delivery of a magnetic tape, to contact an engineer in perdition and to save the network….

An unhappily married man with two children watches a beautiful woman kill herself when she ties herself inside a car and drives off a cliff.

Jean Jean-Louis Trintignant tries to save the woman but is too late. After hanging out with his bohemian friends, he writes a letter to the local newspaper saying that he killed the woman.

Jean is galvanized by the sensationalism of the headlines and becomes intoxicated with thoughts of murder Exaggerate, make them cry, frighten them In a revolution, there are neither victors nor vanquished but only victims; revolution may be a goal, but is any goal worth so much bitterness and suffering?

Can there be a revolution without one group forcing another to do what it dies not want to do? But if there can be no good revolution, what is left?

Is it all just utopian dreaming? Jean -Claude Brialy portrays even if the story is not very clear on that point for good reasons a bisexual playing a two- bit Vicomte De Valmont "Dangerous Liaisons" whose motto is probably "revenge is a dish best eaten cold".

Charles Belmont ,an actor who quickly fell into oblivion ,is his victim. Bernadette Laffont ,an actress either outstanding or exasperating ,depending on whom you ask , serves as the instrument of this revenge.

Martino and his men are assigned to lead a group of prostitutes through the mountainous ways to serve in brothels for Italian soldiers in Greece.

Three military men of different rank have the job of taking them through, and the relationships they develop with the girls on this trip is the real subject matter of the film.

Sublimely beautiful Sixties New-Wave icon Anna Karina plays the most cheerful of the ladies of leisure but there are no real leads in the film, all 5 or 6 of the main characters are given equal screen time and Zurlini never falters once as he draws poetic and hilarous performances full of insights from each character.

On a higher level "Le Soldattese" becomes a deep examination of one relatively minor but revealing absurdity prostitutes being carried to brothels in a war-torn area to boost troop morale overlapping the bigger, related absurdity of the war itself and Mussolini-era fascism.

Otto runs a hotel for tourists in the Bavarian Alps but has troubles both with the economy and with his wife Olga. After a trip to Stockholm he imports three Swedish blondes who eventually save Otto from disaster, both marital and financial.

She lives alone with his creepy, deranged son Maurizio degli Esposti , working at home as a fake clairvoyant exploiting a squalid crowd of ignorant, bigot, repulsive yet rich people looking for supernatural advice.

They are swindled mercilessly by the mistress not endowed with relevant psychic powers: A striking, cryptic, surrealistic black tale of incest, violence, rape, witchcraft, filth, misery, superstition and marginalization set up in a bleak industrial environment.

The hypnotic sound theme during the rite scene is an original recording of a shamanic rite held in Macedonia taken by the director. Lucia Bose barfs up live frogs, Tina Aumont also co-stars.

Police Inspector Nico Giraldi is on vacation with his pregnant wife. His holiday is suddenly interrupted when Nico is urgently called to Milan where a well-known Roman crook, Venticello, has been arrested and accused of murder.

In spite of the fact that Nico and Venticello are antagonists, they respect each other. Nico is convinced Venticello would never have committed murder, and sets out to prove it.

Nico Giraldi unearths several clues, but each time he follows them up another person is mysteriously murdered. Feeling doubly betrayed because of his unhealthy adoration for Maria, Massa is determined to get back at Luciano.

Asia Argento directs and stars in one of these episodic horror tales. The titles of the stories are as follows: It deals with a satanist sex-crazed maniac with supernatural powers that gives to him the strange medallion.

Dave Boland Carlos East wears a strange medallion and robs the bank. He was caught and was prepared for hanging. At moment before hanging Dave uses his supernatural power and makes a local shoe-shiner his accomplice.

While running from sheriff Dave was injured and after some time dies. But before his death Dave gives this medallion to shoe-shiner Oscar and asks him to take revenge in the name of Satan.

So he does it and also continue to rape and kill women never forgetting to leave satanic mark on their bodies Among the other interesting features of this French crime drama is a brief consideration of the dire consequences of the legalization of drugs.

The Chief Michel Bouquet is a drug dealer whose empire ranges beyond the country guilty of legalizing drugs. He has been captured and nearly killed by an American rival and is being kept painfully alive by life-support machinery.

The film begins in the future when the Chief is awakened from suspended animation and in flashback recounts his story to the naked woman who has freed him.

Daniel and Paul are two factory workers who supplement their income by some nocturnal safe-cracking. But their luck soon runs out: Sometime later, Daniel manages to escape whilst being transferred to a prison and goes into hiding in Haute-Provence.

There, he befriends the owner of a remote petrol station, Thomas, who invites him to live with him and his wife, Maria, in exchange for doing odd jobs.

Daniel is reluctant to betray his new friend but has no choice when Maria threatens to hand him over to the police. When he learns the truth, Thomas turns on his wife, but she kills him in self-defense.

Having disposed of the body, Maria and Daniel continue to run the petrol station as if nothing has happened, although Maria is still eager to escape with the money which remains locked up in the safe.

When she realities that the newcomer is in the same line of business as Daniel, Maria finds him instantly attractive How to run a regular Bavarian hotel, of which there are so many more in Bavaria?

Niki Moser is faced to this problem, and wants to make it a sports hotel with all kind of sport and gymnastic equipment. That costs a lot, but fortunately the mayor is willing to help: Together with his friend Tony Niki is trying to mortgage the hotel and pay back the mayor, so he will be rid of this marriage contract.

However, the bank is not willing to give him a mortgage. Then they ask the ministry to help them with government allowances to help tourism flourish.

They seem to have success This one is directed by Enzo Miloni. Sort of thriller, slow but with some very gory murders.

A woman Barbara Blasko who is the sole heir to a vast fortune is to be driven insane so others can get their hands on her wealth.

I have to agree with the previous reviewer from Switzerland. Helaciously erotic tale of 2 lesbians who plot their revenge. The traditional but intense Nikolaidis cinematography style is ever-present and , as usual, the best part about his films is the performances, dialogues, tabboos broken, fears and norms questioned.

Not surprisingly, his characters are at best alienated if not somewhat crazy and delirious. The late Claude Chabrol, the French filmmaker known for his masterful explorations of crime, suspense, and the darker sides of human nature, directed this drama about a man forced to come to terms with his double life.

Charles Masson Michel Bouquet is a successful ad man with a loving wife, Helene Stephane Audran , two children, and a close friendship with his next-door neighbor Francois Tellier Francois Perier , an architect who designed both of their houses.

Charles and Laura share an enthusiasm for sadomasochism, and one night while mock-strangling her during lovemaking, Charles goes too far and kills Laura.

But Charles cannot escape his conscience, and he eventually feels compelled to tell both Helene and Francois, neither of whom react with any particular shock or dismay.

A very rare Italian Giallo, filmed in beautiful black and white! A masked man is hunting down and murdering women throughout the city.

The police set out to capture him before he can kill again. In milano, Barbara Monica Vitti , young journalist not politically committed but that generally professed herself "pacifist", is threatened by an illegal rightist terrorist group.

Directed by Miklos Jancso. Cops are even more sadistic than the criminals in this sleazy violent police thriller.

A young girl witnesses a violent and ultimately fatal act between her mother and another man and it emotionally scars her for years to come.

As a young woman, she takes a vacation with a more worldly girlfriend to Sardinia, and in doing so, attracts the attention of a young man in the village.

Despite her interest in the man her haunted past prevents her from developing a normal relationship with him.

The sleepy little village of Loubressac is well on its way to becoming a ghost town. To save the town, the local citizenry hatch a plan to attract tourists.

To their horror, the plan misfires when a group of hippies are the first to move in. Then one of the locals is found murdered, and suspicion inevitably falls on the newcomers.

He is posted to Algeria but during the uprising he becomes disllusioned and deserts. Lieutenant Fraser entices Thomas to join the OAS and also to take part in a plan to kidnap lawyer Dominique Servet by promising him enough money to enable him to return to his home in Luxembourg.

Dominique Servet is in Algiers defending Algerian nationalists in court and this has made her a target. Thomas soon finds himself conflicted as he falls in love with his prisoner and helps her escape back to France.

While Dominique finally escapes and goes back to France alone, Thomas gets injured during a fight with another OAS member and makes a difficult trip back home.

While in France he takes the train back to his hometown but during a stop in Lyon he disembarks because he needs to see Dominique again. He finds her at her home and she nurses him when she discovers how badly injured he is but his enemies are not far behind and finally track him down and they threaten both of them with death.

He enters his home and finds his little girl sitting at the table. Dominique still waiting outside the fence cries out his name.

When a high-school girl complains of her inability to reach sexual climax, her doctor suggests that she keep a diary of her sexual encounters.

She does just that and soon finds herself caught up in a sexual merry-go-round that includes making a hardcore porno film in Sweden, an escapade with a German sadist and a lesbian encounter.

The women in this are blonde and drop dead gorgeous. One evening, he meets an attractive young woman, Kay Larsi, in a bar. She is as lost and unhappy as he is, alone after her friend and flatmate Jessie left her.

Then Kay announces she must return to her home in Mexico to visit her sick daughter The film also marks the first screen appearance of Robert de Niro aged 22 in a brief walk-on part.

This project apparently originated as a Las Vegas stage presentation, with Nicky Henson in the lead. The plot as in the novel about the "boy born to be hanged" is followed in spirit rather than to the letter, with busty Joan Collins thrown in like a lagniappe as a lady highwayman Two young unenployed men, Scintillone and Ruggeretto, pick up a couple of prostitutes.

They hope their company will help them sell some rifles they have stolen. On their way they meet Bella Bella, who also aids them in selling the goods.

Jean Claude Brisseau is not a prolific director. He takes his time to get back to his steps. Watching this hard, exhilarating, unstoppable proof of his talent you can clearly see that he needs to empty him in each frame, each second of his features.

The outstanding scene in which Sylvie Vartan recovering the best Catherine Deneuve , is paying for her blackmailing is the milestone of his career.

The sexual tension, the rotten feelings, the laconic accepting of a dark destiny. Local stud tries to bed as many local women as he can before his girlfriend catches him and cut him off.

Caterina finds out that her husband Peter Tzar of Russia, is plotting to kill her. Directed by Umberto Lenzi and starring Hildagarde Neff.

Lots of bit players in beautiful costumes and location shots outside of studio walls. The one thing that bugs me about this film are the silly looking bat models.

But the rest of the movie is really a great pleasure. The Inquisition drives a stake through the heart of the evil Duke Antonio in , burying him a cursed grotto.

This runs over 4hours!! What else needs to be said. New fantasy adventure film by Luc Besson based on a comic by Jacques tardi. Meanwhile, Paris is being terrorised by a psychopathic pterodactyl that has recently hatched from a million year old egg.

It was based on a novel by Jimmy Sangster. A former British spy arranges an exchange of captured spies with Russia.

In this murder mystery, based on a Georges Simenon novel, a homicidal maniac goes on a killing spree beginning with his wife He then kills six of her aged friends and is preparing to murder a seventh when the intended victim dies naturally.

As a substitute, he murders his favorite hooker, a crime that leads the police right to him. Ultra obscure movie and a real rarity: The Manchus assault a temple to rob it of the Seven Crystal Books of the Thousand Buddhas but can only find six of them.

The seventh is needed to decipher the others, through which they can attain dominion of the world. The seventh book is in the possession of Itara and the Manchus team up with the mafia to kill him and obtain the missing crystal.

Crazy it certainly is ,as the precedent user says ,but not crazier than "the postman always rings twice" which it sometimes recalls. Brigitte Bardot and her impotent!

The film has a very good male cast too. Raymond Pellegrin -who was the hero of the first and best version of "Manon des sources"- ,in a thankless part ,plays a neurotic man eaten with desire,sometimes recalling Van Heflin;Roger Pigault plays the handsome gas station man who of course covets the wife.

Outstanding Mexican horror film. A couple try to take financial advantage of an eccentric elderly aunt, but end up with far more than they bargained for!

Director and producer Roberto Gavaldon did a great job directing this funny and often frightening film. As for Montejo she will give the frighting parts.

I strongly recommend it. Ugo Tognazzi and Claudia Cardinale co-star. Andrea Artusi is a successful hat manufacturer who is proud of his popular and beautiful wife, Maria Grazia.

Despite his happy home life, he is drawn into an extra-marital affair with a respected married woman. So clever is she at arranging their trysts and so cunning is she at deceiving her husband that Andrea soon begins to wonder whether Maria Grazia is similarly disloyal.

Stephen Boyd plays a wealthy, but seriously deranged, man who has some pretty serious issues with women, beginning with Mom. He turns in a fascinating performance portraying a character who appears to be normal and insane almost simultaneously.

Directed by Jean-Louis Richard , Writers: Instead she falls in love with him, blows the cover, and ends up convicted of espionage and shot. Giuliano Gemma stars and Duccio Tessari directs.

Krios, the youngest of the Titans, may be the least strong of the seven brothers whose strength comes from their mother, earth-goddess Gaia, but is by far the smartest, and thus their natural leader.

Oh yeah, plenty of nudity too! The Sensual Man stars Giancarlo Giannini, dapper as ever, as a sexually obsessed Italian nobleman, and details his erotic exploits over the course of the early to mid 20th century.

We first meet him as a randy schoolboy peeking under the skirts of the household help, and the film follows him over the years with brief stopovers during the Fascist-era conquest of Ethiopia and the postwar comedown.

Among the injured passengers crash was Dr. Martin Evans, working on the problem of extending human life. He and several other passengers are rescued by aliens from the planet Oraina.

Between them, the contact is established. However, an unexpected attack by military aircraft earth change plans for newcomers. They refuse to help the planet with the force of arms in many ways surpasses the force of morality.

Lino Ventura, Leo Glenn , and lea Massara. Shortly after a delegation of Russian nuclear physicists arrives in London, one of their number, a man named Haliakov, is abducted by the British security services.

Four years before the film version by Andrei Tarkovsky, this much more faithful adaptation was done for Russian TV! What would happen, Lem asks, if an encounter with intelligent alien life took place on a biological level beyond our comprehension?

What if the life form was so different that it no longer matched our pre-conceptions of how organisms look and act? The planet Solaris is apparently uninhabited, except for the scientists from Earth who operate a small research station.

The surface of the planet is covered by water, and the visitors marvel at the range of patterns and forms taken by the waves, which act in an awe-inspiring and sometimes frightening manner.

But cryptic events start taking place among the researchers, and the only possible explanation is that the ocean is responsible. Can a geographic fact, a part of the landscape, really be a life form?

Or can some other explanation be found? Stanislas Jean Marais is a wealthy and well-heeled French secret agent who is called out of retirement for another mission in this routine spy saga.

When he receives some secret plans from a dying man, Stanislas becomes the target of an international manhunt. Marais continues his role in the popular French series that steers clear of the campy gadgets associated with the James Bond school of spy thrillers.

It really does have the feel of a tragi-drama of several decades earlier, but it gets bonus points for resisting the temptation to portray Stefania simply as an innocent and to resign itself to a happy ending.

Look at this cast and they all have nude scenes! Romy Schneider and Michel Piccoli star. Excellent quality copy of this rare Spaghetti western.

At the end of the Civil War, Alec Kellaway, a fighter for the South, is tricked by the brothers Clegg and Elliot into helping them to carry out the robbery of a gold cargo belonging to the Northern Army.

An amazing and disturbing early film by Bigas Luna with English subs for the first time! Leo, a psycopath and a silent, obsessed and deeply disturbed man, concieves a progressive fascination for Bilbao, a strip tease ballerina, who to reach the end of the month, she has to be a prostitute.

Leo studies her movements and ends up kidnapping her, as if she was his object to add to his erotic collection. The disturbing first-person narrative of an emotionally-crippled voyeur, BILBAO also reverberated with political implications: The cast does a pretty good job all around, and the action scenes are fairly entertaining.

Jason is in Budapest with his Uncle Joshua an overacting Charles Durning to buy up some antique clocks at auction but is quickly distracted by Claire.

Claire goes to the audition but loses her nerve although she is spotted by Balakin dancing on an empty stage. Back at her hotel receives flowers addressed to long dead ballerina Natalie Horvath.

Claire plans to go back to New York but instead answers to a loudspeaker request for a car waiting for Natalie Horvath and gets into a Rolls Royce which spirits her away into the past.

Later, Jason sees her in a park and is delighted that she has stayed but she appears not to know him. Jason is mystified and grows suspicious when it appears that outside forces are trying to keep him away from her including his uncle suddenly turning into a murderous lunatic.

So a crowd of excited people move under the influence of that relentless voice. After the beginning of the large trial, in which everyone can feel this through their television, the show is abruptly interrupted by a torrential downpour.

So when the fear is over, everyone returns to the usual and not always benevolent habits, forgetting all the best intentions of redemption had just a few hours earlier, influenced by the terror of imminent end.

For years all we had was the shit stained print from Sinister cinema, well no more, this early excellent western now exists in a beautiful letterboxed copy!

Famed marshal Wyatt Earp is sent to clean up a lawless mining town on the Mexican border. While it is no lost classic, this unlikely hybrid plays much more successfully here; that said, the supernatural events are given a twist which might be considered a cop-out though I predicted something to that effect much earlier.

The film starts off immediately with the robbery or, rather, the ingenious idea to sound the alarm of the targeted establishment beforehand so that the police arrive on the scene in vain and the caretaker, almost in shame, turns it off for the rest of the night.

No sooner has he done this that the criminals pounce on him and, typically, he ends up killed in the ensuing fracas — but, no, he is not the ghost in question.

The other two decide to lie low in the country but do not really trust each other — especially since the leader an intense John Drew Barrymore is obviously a psycho.

His partner Massimo Serato is actually a respectable businessman who, on the night of the job, even creates a solid alibi for himself by literally bumping into the Police Commissioner at a nightclub!

Anyway, it all concludes with a return to the fateful swamps and another drowning guess who gets to go under this time around? Here we have veteran B-movie director Edgar G.

This is all about adventurers held captive in a fantastic city beneath the Sahara. Dehydrated waves of colorful, static and super-stylized visuals radiate from the screen.

A fun filled caper movie where the bad guys are the good guys. Its pure sixties hokum, and it is truly fine. Frederick Stafford with his classic James Bond type good looks is the main man, assisted by Jean Seberg and a quite bemused Serge Gainsbourg.

This is a film that is a total joy from start to finish, and afterwards you will be baying for more of the same.

I love it, take me back to the sixties now. The plot involves Mark Jason Lang Jeffries , an American travelling salesman, who finds in his apartment a batch of diamonds that were hidden there by a previous tenant.

Also featured is an original soundtrack by revered Italian composer Piero Umiliani. Extremely rare film by Riccardo Freda!

But the police have a secret weapon, a police dog! A study of minor events in the adolescence of a boy growing up in small towns. Daniel lives with his grandmother and, after one year of high school, has to go to live with his mother in the south of France.

She is a seamstress living in a tiny apartment with her lover Jose, a Spanish farm worker. Daniel would like to continue school, but his mother cannot afford it, so she sends him to work as an apprentice in a moped repair shop.

Daniel wiles away his time in the shop, and learns about girls from the other boys in town. When he returns to visit his grandmother next year, it is obvious that he has grown up faster than his old friends.

Rare Eurospy film with Jean marais and Marisa mell! There is something else, too, that I have not seen much commented on; the friendship between the two female leads, related as they were in real life, is a genuine pleasure to watch, and exists somewhere other than acting as we are used to thinking of it.

Generally recommended, for fans of the director and the performers,I would say very strongly recommended, no hesitation. Weird horror film by Nicholas Roeg that remains unseen in the US.

Donald Sutherland, Rita tushingham and Miranda Richardson star. Powerful supernatural forces are unleashed when a young architect Kelly Reilly becomes pregnant after moving to an isolated and mysterious valley to build a house.

Finally an uncut copy 6 extra minutes of this great Spanish Giallo about a comic strip character come to life and killing off those who have ripped the character off.

A movie crew shooting a film featuring a comic-strip hero named The Sexy Cat finds itself stalked by a serial killer who begins murdering the cast and crew.

Lone Fleming and German Cobos star. It could also be called an action film without any action. A ship in the Far East, becalmed at sea, the crew stricken with fever.

The overbearing presence of the former captain hanging over the ship, cursing it, wishing it doomed. Having made some pretty respectable thrillers — such Le Pacha — Georges Lautner returned to the genre for which he best known, the decidedly off-the-wall comedy-thriller.

There are also some fine contributions from Bernard Blier and Michel Constantin, two of the most familiar faces in French thrillers.

The Warning is a very serious film dealing with police corruption from Marxist filmmaker Damiano Damiani, who also co-wrote the screenplay.

Best known for his contribution to the spaghetti western genre, Damiani has always had an interest in the corrupting tendencies of power, and this film is no exception.

Guiliano Gemma and Giancarlo Zanetti play Baressi and Prizzi, a pair of honest cops looking to solve the murder of a fellow officer who may have had his hand in the till.

In the sixteenth century, Spain occupies Flanders, an Inquisition enforces the faith. His methods and opinions are outside the mainstream, but he has the protection and friendship of the local Prior.

He learns of bacchanals under Masonic signs involving monks and women, and he warns those involved. Will he leave or will he face ecclesiastical accusers and, perhaps, the stake?

Either this will make you laugh your head off, or shake your head at how ridiculous it is. Once you accept that, "Les Barbouzes" is a hilarious and fun ride.

Thus he feels more keenly the pangs of guilt when he learns that the bomber had crashed at sea, Marc leaves for Hong Kong and learns from the lips of a charming Asian Maria Minh , that Clyde is still alive and held prisoner by a neo-nazi organization A little time after, Serge talks to her.

She eventually accepts to have lunch with him. Sophie, who has a toothache, meets Raoul who is a dentist. Yul Brynner plays Peter Marciani, an aging hit-man hired to go to Italy to kill a mob boss.

Along the way, he meets and befriends a young, overly helpful, wannabe mobster and a beautiful showgirl. Can these three pull off the job?

Quite simply, Yul Brynner is the man! He brings a certain authenticity and coolness to Marciani and makes most of the film a blast.

I bought into his hit-man persona completely. How classic is that! Death Rage also features a number of exciting car chases and gun battles in the narrow street of Naples.

Barbara Bouchet contributes plenty of nudity! Per Oscarsson and Rosemarie Fendel play an unhappy couple who hope that a trip to this magic town will patch up their relationship.

Instead, they find themselves fighting for their lives when several of the wackier fantasies get out of hand.

In order to put an end to the numerous ambushes on the gold transports which are a real menace to the finances of the American government,the agent Joe Ford, called Dynamite Joe due to his liking for explosives, is entrusted with controlling the next transfer.

Joe has a carriage built entirely of gold, but evil forces are told of the plan and an alliance is made with the bandit El Sol in order to get hold of the gold.

Rare Mexican slasher film from the 80s! One couple goes looking for the forest ranger but their car breaks down and at the cabin the other two girls are alone, who will be next to die?

Galia is the story of a "free girl" who plays around and treats men the way they treat girls. Enter a woman ,Nicole who tries to commit suicide in the Seine Galia takes in the desperate woman and tries to explain to her that men are numerous and that anyway they do not deserve one should die for their sake!

And it becomes much less exciting There is also a detective story side ,sometimes we think of a conspiracy, which some disturbing pictures encourage: What a terrificly perverted part for Ornella Muti, she has lots of full nudity in this morbid film that co-stars ben Gazzara and Mimsy farmer.

With the average attractive woman this would be believable, but with someone that looks like Muti you would expect a riot, a traffic pile-up, or a line of guys waiting to administer mouth-to-mouth.

Still Muti turns in a truly superb performance. Gazarra is also more than adequate. Oh my, what an amazing film, one of the best films detailing the total mental disintegration of a family man.

Luigi, a middle-aged engineer who, getting increasingly worried about the rising crime rate in his surroundings, follows the advice and example of his sleazy drinking cronies whose relaxation activities include photographing nubile girls in the nude to arm himself with the titular weapon; the problem is that he starts carrying — and, occasionally, brandishing — it with him everywhere at his workplace, while taking a walk with his estranged wife Claudia Cardinale, etc.

Things come to a head when his rebellious daughter decides to teach him a lesson: The father panics and asks his daughter to tell everybody that she had lifted his gun from his drawer — because his career would otherwise be ruined by the ensuing scandal following a police investigation.

HO -In French with English subs, letterboxed print. Jean-Paul Belmondo stars as an ex-racing driver who has subsequently become a getaway driver, and acquires a taste for the fame criminal life can bring.

Between robberies he romances fashion model Joanna Shimkus, starring in the third of her three films with director Robert Enrico. From the book by Jose Giovanni.

A socially inadequate 17 year old boy kidnaps an 11 year old girl at knife point, so he can cure her eczema. He hides her away in the barn where he lives, estranged from his mother and step father.

Soon she tells him she wants his baby. Here begins an "in Camera" drama, with a subtle development. As some critics noticed when the movie was released, the keyword is "games".

The two characters seem to play father and daughter, mom and dad, and so on Madeleine Desdevises, who was a very promising actress, died from leukemia shortly afterwards.

There was an outcry when "le trio infernal" was released in ;the subject was nefarious. The director insists on "preparations". We attend the whole thing, the director goes as far as showing the "heroes" emptying the bath tub with pails ,a gas mask on the face.

Directed by Peter Wood, the story is so murky and its execution so undisciplined that its moral about not taking fantasy for reality becomes bogged down in its own tedium, making the occasional nudity and brother-sister incest theme even more offensive than they might have been.

Baby Blood was about Yanka, a young woman raped by an ancient creature, who [was] forced during her [resulting] pregnancy to feed the unborn child by killing men and eating them.

Now in Lady Blood , [18] years later, Yanka has become a cop, and a mysterious series of gruesome murders have taken place in Paris. Don Benton, a former World War II pilot now running a travel agency in Hong Kong, refuses to take political sides and flatly rejects an offer to do espionage work for the United States.

Mao Tai Tai, an aged Chinese woman who more or less adopted Benton during the war years, asks him to try to find her missing grandson. Knowing that the grandson was piloting a Formosan plane that disappeared over mainland China, Benton obtains a passport through a Russian friend, Ivano Kang, goes to the mainland, and rescues the pilot.

The film stars Jean gabin and Bernard Blier, directed by Henri verneuil. In particular, his relationship with Philippe Chalamont comes into play: As Beaufort dictates his memoirs, his narrative take us to occasions, 15 and 20 years before, in which Chalamont and he clashed.

Chalamont is not without talent and guile: What will Beaufort, ill health and all, do? After retrieving an electronic device that can shut off the power of entire cities, a secret agent is assigned to eliminate the only 3 remaining persons who have knowledge of the device.

His first two missions in Paris and Geneva are accomplished easily enough, but the third in Athens, where the rest of the film is set turns out to be more complicated.

His target seems to be aware of his every move, and it is likely that there is a traitor within the agency These girls look like they love to throw down!

Roger Browne and Emma Daniela. An American gangster on the run breaks in the house of an old blind actor Not really a crime film even if there is crime elements , but more an unlikely meeting between people who would have never met in normal circumstances.

Among the movies Harvey Keitel made in France, this one is particularly notable because he is actually delivering himself his French dialogue, phonetically and clearly without understanding a single word of what he says!

When Luisa is released from prison, she kills her. Lawyer Manin Terence Hill fights for her in court. Martin Balsalm co-stars and directed by Epriando Visconti.

The bounty hunter is after the reward, while El Santo is after vengeance. Between them a silent complicity is soon established as they both seem to find inner fulfillment in acts of random and senseless violence.

Naturally, they embark on a killing spree, and even more naturally their path is one where sexual situations abound. Judy and Alex are the only two survivors of a punishment mission ordered by the rich and ruthless Moran The girl becomes his maid and the boy is adopted by a Quaker family.

Alex, in spite of the pardon philosophy taught to him, is planning a revenge. Directed by Rafael Romero Marchent.

While fighting in Britain, Roman forces commanded by Caligula capture the noble warrior, Glaucus. A man is arrested, tried and convicted for a robbery that was actually committed by someone else.

After he gets out of prison, he goes in search of the real robbers. Wedding guests awaiting the arrival of the bride suddenly become nervous when they notice that the table has been laid for Their worries are confirmed when the bridal carriage pulls up outside bearing the lifeless bride and the corpses of three other guests.

The suspicions rise between the thirteen guests, and the identity of the murderer is a shocking surprise. Human Aetiological Relations Machine.

He is assigned to protect Dr. Jan Steffanic Carl Esmond , a recent Soviet defector who has developed a new weapon which fires spores that upon contact with skin slowly eat the body away.

After the flat is attacked, Dr Steffanic is kidnapped by European spies and taken to a warehouse. Chance eventually rides in and a gun fight ensues in which Steffanic is exposed to the deadly spores in a valiant sacrifice, and dies.

Is like poetry extracted from ugliness And yes, he was better In ancient Rome, the people finally oust their despised king, Tarquinius, and declare the city a republic.

Tarquinius makes an alliance with the Etruscan king, Porsenna, to take back power in Rome, but a Roman general, the heroic Mucius, sets out to stop him.

A degenerate Shaman has made a pact with the devil. He has returned from the grave and with strange magic it allows him to transform into a demon.

In a quiet town, the soul of and evil horse has possessed the body of a man turning him into a rape machine! With unnatural strength and a hunger for evil, A father receives the dismembered body parts of his son.

Directed by Federico Curiel. Tomas Milian Traffic, Amistad, etc was very popular in Italy for different roles but here he does a great work playing a man who loses the wife.

But his son keeps on seeing the mother Plot will quickly turn in a simple science fiction story. The star must have studied Anthony Perkins in Psycho ; he looks like him and plays his character in a similar fashion.

When his father, a wealthy industrialist, is killed in aeroplane crash, Bart Cordell returns to France to take up the reins of the empire he has inherited.

When a prostitute attempts to frame him for drug smuggling, he begins to suspect is father may have been murdered. This little-known Spaghetti Western turned out to be a routine effort all round, but one that is mildly enjoyable nevertheless.

This parody of the detective-story genre merrily detours into spoofing French foibles as well, making it more of an exercise in verbal gymnastics than a narrative with a mission.

Esther is a veterinarian who is certain that her sister has been murdered by her brother-in-law. She convinces two members of the Academie Francaise, the prestigious institution that protects the virginity of the French language, to investigate.

Both men are enamored of the woman and are quite willing to enter into competition for her favors. As might be expected from academicians of any ilk, they are inept at digging into a murder mystery and bumble their way through one incident after another.

Corpses continue to pile up not in front of the camera, however while the two men are sidetracked by their interest in language.

Given their positions, they do not want that murdered either. This is a movie in independent episodes with a comedy overtone, but sometimes too bitter to actually laugh.

Is not the greatest by any of the names involved, but is still a very entertaining movie and it seems to be a rare one. However, all the evidences and clues of the case are against him.

While on the run, one of the bootleggers falls in love with an actress on a movie set. The film opens on a distorted closeup of Santo, as he fights with four men in an empty apartment.

The police arrive and arrest three of the thugs, but the ringleader—whom Santo identifies as the foreign leader of a drug-smuggling gang—manages to escape, leaving behind a bamboo dagger.

He tries to convince the chief of a tribe of Jivaros to stop going to war with other tribes and instead unite to fight the whites.

The Jivaros are the descendants of the Incas, who had their empire stolen by the Spaniards. Mariana receives a large golden amulet in the mail and later, a black orchid and some emeralds turn up.

Castro lead an expedition to rescue her. Directed by Eddy Saller. It is only the sequence in the Playboy bar that takes too long. It concerns a man who kills women because, as his lawyer says, he was not loved by his mother and in his puberty he was dismissed by girls as sexually unattractive; in short: And whenever he meets too inviting women now, showing their attractions, well, you see, it is the urge then, he just cannot control himself; it is, as the title says, the torment of the flesh.

Directed by Maurice Tourneur. A 41 year old man marries a gorgeous girl Marthe Ginette Leclerc who is much younger than he is. She can act like a bad gal and suddenly turn into a frail human being, longing for love.

The scene when her soon-to-be-husband takes her in his arms for the first time is revealing: Another excellent sequence depicts the wedding banquet: The advantages of an air gun were a high rate of fire, no smoke from propellants, and low muzzle report granted it acceptance.

It did have problems and was eventually removed from service for several reasons decades after introduction. While the detachable air reservoir was capable of around 30 shots it took nearly 1, strokes of a hand pump to fill those reservoirs.

Later, a wagon-mounted pump was provided. The reservoirs, made from hammered sheet iron held together with rivets and sealed by brazing, proved very difficult to manufacture using the techniques of the period and were always in short supply.

In addition, the weapon was very delicate and a small break in the reservoir could make it inoperable. Finally, it was very different from any other weapon of the time and any soldier using it needed to be highly trained.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition used the rifle in the demonstrations that they performed for nearly every Native American tribe they encountered on the expedition As far back as BC, Pharaoh Ktesbias II of Egypt, first described the use of compressed air to propel a projectile.

Modern air gun history began in the 15th century. These weapons were known as wind chambers and were designed using an air reservoir connected to a cannon barrel.

These devices were capable of propelling a four pound lead ball over a distance of yards, and able to penetrate 3 inch oak board.

These weapons rivaled the power of gun powder based firearms of that time and came into use in the Napoleonic wars in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Due to the fact that high powered air guns were both silent and deadly, they were feared by many, Nobility tried to keep these air guns out of the hands of commoners, and air resevoir butt guns even saw much combat in battle, an Austrian Army used a air resevoir rifle designed by Grandoni in that shot 20 rounds of.

Bullets at speeds as high as 1, feet per second. One important reason Napoleon was so fearful about air guns was because there was no cloud of smoke upon firing which would allow the sniper to be pin-pointed and killed.

One of the most famous air guns in history is the. They took it along for hunting, just in case the black powder got wet and also used it to impress the Indians, the Indians call this air rifle, "The smokeless thunder stick.

In overall fine condition. The round, smoothbore, appox. Exposed cocking "hammer" with an external mechanism and sculpted mainspring: Complete with its original air release lever.

Matching mechanism with all of its original components, a strong mainspring and air release valve. A very nice and complete example of a rare late 18th century German or Austrian Reservoir-Butt gun.

This unit had been raised in as the first ever British cavalry unit to operate in India, where it fought against Tipu Sultan and Dhoondia Wao and served under Arthur Wellesley at Assaye.

It then served on garrison duties in India before being sent to Canada to fight in the War of , becoming the 19th Lancers in and finally being disbanded in The second unit to bear the numeral was the 19th Hussars, which was the title taken by the five-year-old 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry when it moved from the East India Company to the British Army in - it was also allowed to keep the battle honours of the 19th Lancers.

This unit then fought in Egypt and Sudan in the s and at the relief of Ladysmith during the Boer War - one of its colonels during this time was John French, better known for his generalship during the First World War.

During the Peninsular Campaign, he visited the balloon camp of Thaddeus S. Lowe sent the curious von Zeppelin to another balloon camp where the German-born aeronaut John Steiner could be of more help to the young man.

His first ascent in a balloon, made at Saint Paul, Minnesota during this visit, is said to have been the inspiration of his later interest in aeronautics.

Inspired by a recent lecture given by Heinrich von Stephan on the subject of "World Postal Services and Air Travel", he outlined the basic principle of his later craft: He went on to start the Zeppelin Airship Co.

Blade maker marked by WKC, Solingen. The Police and the SS officers shared this common pattern of sword from onwards. The Ordnungspolizei was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks.

It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles during the war.

Local law enforcement would be undertaken by the Allgemeine-SS with the Waffen-SS providing homeland-security and political-police functions.

Good blade, just grey needing polish, good scabbard with no denting just paint wear. Very good bright hilt with all natural age wear.

An airline funded and partnered by Lufthansa, with many German directors and principles. It was decided the South American company name should be the Condor Syndicato Ltda, as the Reich associated aviation in the Spanish speaking worlds with the Condor.

Volunteers from the German armed forces, that fought for Franco in the Spanish Civil war. The Condor Legion was used to develop the principles, and perfect the techniques, of their new system of warfare called Blitzkrieg.

This new, devilish, and incredibly successful method of warfare was rehearsed, in other areas of influence and conflict, outside of Germany before the war.

The obverse features a crowned effigy of Queen Elizabeth II facing right, in a high-collared ermine cloak and wearing the collar of the Garter and Badge of the Bath.

There is no raised rim and no legend. It has a hook breech with double platinum lining and very attractive fine Damascus browning, walnut half stocked with steel furniture bearing further overall engraving.

Joseph was also a sports shooter in his own right and a friend of Colonel Peter Hawker. There were two Manton brothers, John was the elder and Joseph the younger.

John Manton was born in and after his apprenticeship, set up in London in Piccadilly. Manton began producing percussion guns in and Manton himself died in , leaving the business in the hands of his son.

These four all went on to establish major firms of gun makers, which continue to this day. The true English Damascus barrel is prepared from three rods, twisted as described and put together as shown in the twisted riband, and is known technically as three-iron Damascus ; the silver-steel Damascus is similarly made, but of different metal piled in a different order.

The rods having been twisted, and the required number welded together, they are sent to the iron-mill and rolled at a red heat into ribands, which have both edges bevelled the same way.

There are usually two ribands required for each barrel, one riband or strip to form the breech-end, and another, slightly thinner, to form the fore, or muzzle, part of the barrel.

Upon receiving the ribands of twisted iron, the welder first proceeds to twist them into a spiral form. This is done upon a machine of simple construction, consisting simply of two iron bars, one fixed and the other loose ; in the latter there is a notch or slot to receive one end of the riband.

When inserted, the bar is turned round by a winch-handle. The fixed bar prevents the riband from going round, so that it is bent and twisted over the movable rod like the pieces of leather round a whip-stock.

The loose bar is removed, the spiral taken from it, and the same process repeated with another riband. The ribands are usually twisted cold, but the breech-ends, if heavy, have to be brought to a red heat before it is possible to twist them, no cogs being used.

When very heavy barrels are required, three ribands are used; one for the breech-end, one for the centre, and one for the muzzle-piece.

The ends of the ribands, after being twisted into spirals, are drawn out taper and coiled round with the spiral until the extremity is lost, as shown in the representation of a coiled breech-piece of Damascus iron.

The coiled riband is next heated, a steel mandrel inserted in the muzzle end, and the coil is welded by hammering.

Three men are required one to hold and turn the coil upon the grooved anvil, and two to strike. The foreman, or the one who holds the coil, has also a small hammer with which he strikes the coil, to show the others in which place to strike.

When taken from the fire the coil is first beaten upon an iron plate fixed in the floor, and the end opened upon a swage, or the pene of the anvil, to admit of the mandrel being inserted.

When the muzzle or fore-coil has been heated, jumped up, and hammered until thoroughly welded, the breech-end or coil, usually about six inches long, is joined to it.

The breech-coil is first welded in the same manner, and a piece is cut out of each coil; the two ribands are welded together and the two coils are joined into one, and form a barrel.

The two coils being joined, and all the welds made perfect, the barrels are heated, and the surplus metal removed with a float; the barrels are then hammered until they are black or nearly cold, which finishes the process.

This hammering greatly increases the density and tenacity of the metal, and the wear of the barrel depends in a great measure upon its being properly performed.

A very nice and tight action and overall in nice condition for age. A very small piece of wood lacking from the breech tang area.

With small cyrillic etched passages on both sides of the blade. With good luck motto and the mans name. A sturdy curved single edged steel blade of kilij form.

A hilt comprised of a grip with horn grip-scales rising to a bulbous pommel in a characteristic Turkish Ottoman style, set with rivets and enclosed by fluted brass straps, with a white metal crossguard.

The wooden scabbard is covered in low grade silver panels decorated with geometric patterning with a twin loop for suspension. The horn grip is very good with flower head rivets, the scabbard is very good for age.

The blade is inscribed with an inscription in cyrillic. Many old Turkish and Mameluke blades were constantly remounted and used for a few hundred years and were passed from father to son and were used by the next generations, hence swords made earlier were still used after hundreds of years.

The overall length with the scabbard is approximately: The overall length without the scabbard is approximately: Examples of similar forms of Ottoman blades dated to the 16th th century and mounted in 18th century mountings can be seen in the Topkapi Sarayi Museum Istanbul and also in the Askeri Museum Istanbul Turkey.

The kilij sword was mainly favored by the famous Turkish Ottoman elite cavalry Sipahi, but was also very popular in many Balkan states and some Eastern European countries such as Poland, Ukraine, and Hungary and parts of the Russian Empire.

Mamelukes are members of a former military caste originally composed of slaves from Turkey, that held the Egyptian throne from the mid thirteenth century to the early s.

They remained strong until Regency fashion took inspiration from everything Mameluke, from swords to clothing. The origins of the Mamluke originate from the slave soldiers who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid Sultans during the Middle Ages.

Over time, they became a powerful military caste often defeating the Crusaders. Initially the Mamelukes were mostly Qipchaq Turks from the steppe lands north of the Black Sea but from onwards the rulers were mostly Circasians from the Caucasus.

Though Mameluke politics were marked by intrigue and violence, the regime was very successful. Militarily they were the only power able to defeat the Mongols, at the battle of Ain Jalut in , and they put an end to the crusader occupation of the Holy Land with the conquest of Acre in Both economically and culturally, Mameluke rule was the most successful period in the history of medieval Egypt.

The Mamelukes remained a force to be reckoned with until their defeat by Napoleon at the battle of the Pyramids in Flemings 12th outing for Commander Bond.

Minor spotting as to be expected. Cover artist Richard Chopping Jonathan Cape ed. The novel was not as detailed or polished as the others in the series, leading to poor but polite reviews.

Despite that, the book was a best-seller. The story centres on the fictional British Secret Service operative James Bond, who had been posted missing, presumed dead, after his last mission in Japan.

Bond returns to England via the Soviet Union, where he had been brainwashed to attempt to assassinate his superior, M. Much of the detail contained in the previous novels was missing, as this was often added by Fleming in the second draft.

Publishers Jonathan Cape passed the manuscript to Kingsley Amis for his thoughts and advice on the story, although his suggestions were not subsequently used.

The novel was serialised in , firstly in the Daily Express and then in Playboy; in a daily comic strip adaptation was also published in the Daily Express.

The action culminates in a duel between them that settles the fate of the Solex. The script was written by Richard Maibaum and Tom Mankiewicz.

The film was set in the face of the energy crisis, a dominant theme in the script. Britain had still not yet fully overcome the crisis when the film was released in December The film also reflects the then popular martial arts film craze, with several kung fu scenes and a predominantly Asian location, being set and shot in Thailand, Hong Kong, and Macau.

Part of the film is also set in Beirut, Lebanon, but it was not shot there. As with his previous novels, Fleming used events from his past as elements in his novel.

From that time on he had associated trains with death, which led to their use as a plot device not just in The Man with the Golden Gun, but also in Diamonds Are Forever and From Russia, with Love.

To show just how much all things original Bond are appreciated in the world of collectors the Walther pistol used by Connery in the poster of From Russia With Love, in , and also drawn in the man With The Golden Gun poster [as shown here] an air pistol,.

Published by Jonathan Cape, The book is a collection of short stories published posthumously in the United Kingdom by Jonathan Cape on 23 June The book originally contained just two stories, "Octopussy" and "The Living Daylights", with subsequent editions also carrying firstly "The Property of a Lady" and then " in New York".

The stories were first published in different publications, with "Octopussy" first serialised in the Daily Express in October Elements from the stories have also been used in the Eon Productions Bond films.

The Living Daylights, released in , was the fifteenth Bond film produced by Eon and starred Timothy Dalton in his first appearance as Bond.

On the morning of 12 August , Fleming died of a heart attack; eight months later, The Man with the Golden Gun was published.

The story is told in the manner of "Quantum of Solace", with Bond as catalyst for story told in flashback, rather than as a main character for action.

Fleming originally titled "The Living Daylights" as "Trigger Finger", although when it first appeared, in The Sunday Times colour supplement of 4 February , it was under the title of "Berlin Escape".

It was also published in the June issue of the American magazine Argosy under the same name As with his previous novels, Fleming used events from his past as elements in his novel.

Beautifully half morocco and gilt bound, with marbled end papers. Illustrator Hablot Knight Browne Phiz. Delightful presentation dedication on the inner leaf "to John Power Hicks from his affectionate wife Julia E.

Power Hicks" A chance to own a first edition first impression of one of the great classics of English literature. Original printing imperfections and flaws are detailed in Walter E.

It was originally serialised between and Dickens thought it to be his best work. Early sales of the monthly parts were disappointing, compared to previous works, so Dickens changed the plot to send the title character to America.

This allowed the author to portray the United States which he had visited in satirically as a near wilderness with pockets of civilisation filled with deceptive and self-promoting hucksters.

The main theme of the novel, according to a preface by Dickens, is selfishness, portrayed in a satirical fashion using all the members of the Chuzzlewit family.

The story starts thus; Martin Chuzzlewit has been raised by his grandfather and namesake. Years before, Martin senior took the precaution of raising an orphaned girl, Mary Graham.

She is to be his nursemaid, with the understanding that she will be well cared for only as long as Martin senior lives.

She thus has strong motivation to promote his well-being, in contrast to his relatives, who only want to inherit his money.

When Martin refuses to give up the engagement, his grandfather disinherits him. Martin becomes an apprentice to Seth Pecksniff, a greedy architect.

Instead of teaching his students, he lives off their tuition fees and has them do draughting work that he passes off as his own.

He has two spoiled daughters, nicknamed Cherry and Merry, having been christened as Charity and Mercy. Unbeknown to Martin, Pecksniff has actually taken him on to establish closer ties with the wealthy grandfather, thinking that this will gain Pecksniff a prominent place in the will.

Old Martin Chuzzlewit, the wealthy patriarch of the Chuzzlewit family, lives in constant suspicion of the financial designs of his extended family.

At the beginning of the novel he has aligned himself with Mary, an orphan, to have a caretaker who is not eyeing his estate.

Later in the story he makes an apparent alliance with Pecksniff, who, he believes, is at least consistent in character. His true character is revealed by the end of the story.

He is the closest relative of Old Martin and has inherited much of the stubbornness and selfishness of the old man. Young Martin is the protagonist of the story.

His engagement to Mary is the cause of estrangement between himself and his grandfather. By the end of the story he becomes a reformed character, realising and repenting of the selfishness of his previous actions.

A classic and charming story by the maestro of Victorian fiction. The Personal History of David Copperfield, , Bradbury and Evans, first edition, first issue in book form Smith 9 , forty plates as called for, top page edges gilt, full morocco by Bayntun-Riviere.

Engraved vignette title page dated is present. With Illustrations by H. True first issue with error points, including "screamed" for "screwed" on page line 20 usually lacking.

David Copperfield is the eighth novel by Charles Dickens. In the preface to the edition, Dickens wrote, "like many fond parents, I have in my heart of hearts a favourite child.

And his name is David Copperfield. David was born in Blunderstone, Suffolk, England, six months after the death of his father.

David spends his early years in relative happiness with his loving, childish mother and their kindly housekeeper, Peggotty. When he is seven years old his mother marries Edward Murdstone.

Her brother, fisherman Mr. Peggotty, lives in a house built in an upturned boat on the beach, with his adopted relatives Emily and Ham, and an elderly widow, Mrs.

David bites him and soon afterwards is sent away to a boarding school, Salem House, under a ruthless headmaster, Mr. There he befriends an older boy, James Steerforth, and Tommy Traddles.

He is characterised in the book as having perseverance, but also an undisciplined heart, which is an important point of the latter part of the book.

After being adopted by his aunt Betsey Trotwood, he is called "Trotwood Copperfield" in deference to her wishes. Throughout the novel he goes by multiple names: During the 18th and early 19th centuries, crescent-shaped gorgets of silver or silver gilt were worn by officers in most European armies, both as a badge of rank and an indication that they were on duty.

These last survivals of armour were much smaller usually about three to four inches in width than their Medieval predecessors and were suspended by chains or ribbons.

In the British service they carried the Royal coat of arms until and thereafter the Royal cypher. Gorgets ceased to be worn by British army officers in , and by their French counterparts 20 years later.

They were still worn to a limited extent in the Imperial German Army until , as a special distinction by officers of the Prussian Gardes du Corps and the 2nd Cuirassiers "Queen".

Officers of the Spanish infantry continued to wear gorgets with the cypher of King Alfonso XIII in full dress until the overthrow of the Monarchy in Mexican Federal army officers also wore the gorget with the badge of their branch as part of their parade uniform.

This practice ended in During World War II, it continued to be used by German military field police, which wore metal gorgets as emblems of authority.

German police gorgets of this period typically were flat metal crescents with ornamental designs that were suspended by a chain worn around the neck.

Following the German example, the Finnish Defence Forces still use a metal gorget as a distinguishing mark of the duty conscript of a company; the main task is guard duty at the entrance and security within the barracks.

Good original cast whitemetal example of sound weight. The unit can trace its origins to the Volunteer Medical Staff Companies formed in the nineteeth century.

These saw service in the Boer War. Following the formation of the Territorial Army in units saw service in the World Wars. The unit tartan has for some years been Graham of Montrose, worn originally by the Pipes and Drums of the 2nd Scottish General Hospital from These are the three medical elements of the Field Hospital.

Founded by Marshal Semyon M. The legendary commander of the Red Cavalry during the Russian Civil War of against the defeated White armies of the fallen Tsar Nicholas II, the colourful, swashbuckling, walrus-moustached Budenny was a sort of latter day Prussian Marshal Gebhard von Blucher, whom he strongly resembled in character.

At 8 am on the cold, blustery morning of November 7, , the 24th anniversary of the Russian Communist Bolshevik Revolution of , a dashing lone horseman galloped out of the Spassky Gate of the Kremlin onto snow-covered Red Square.

Marshal Semyon Mikhailovich Budenny died at age 90 on October 26, , and was buried with full military honors in the Kremlin Wall beside his revered former leader, Josef Stalin.

Photo in the gallery of the Schiffsstammabteilung Der Ostsee officers and men. The lady of the house would wear it around her girdle on a hook.

Die Alamannen, Stuttgart, for discussion of male and female grave assemblages of this period. From the family collection of a London gentleman; formed in the late ss; thence by descent.

The latch lifters are typical of female grave assemblages along with brooches, beads, buckles and other items of personal adornment" Total length 10 inches long.

The 8th Punjab Regiment had its origins in the Madras Army, where its first battalion was raised at Masulipatam in Four more battalions were raised in In , they were designated as the 29th, 30th, 31st, 32nd and 33rd Regiments of Madras Native Infantry.

In the early 19th century, these battalions were engaged in fighting the Marathas and took part in a number of foreign expeditions including the Anglo-Burmese Wars.

Between and , they were reconstituted with Punjabi Muslims and Sikhs as Burma Battalions and permanently based in Burma to police the turbulent Burmese hill tracts.

Under the Kitchener Reforms of , they were redesignated as the 89th, 90th, 91st, 92nd Punjabis, and 93rd Burma Infantry.

Their long list of honours and awards includes the Victoria Cross awarded to Naik Shahmed Khan of 89th Punjabis in The 89th Punjabis had the unique distinction of serving in more theatres of war than any other unit of the British Empire.

All battalions served in Mesopotamia, while 93rd Burma Infantry also served in France. The regiment raised a further nine battalions.

Two of its battalions, the 1st and 7th, were captured on Singapore Island, when the British Commonwealth Army surrendered there to the Japanese on 15 February Two men from the 8th Punjab Regiment received the Victoria Cross: By the end of the war, the Regiment consisted of 14 Battalions.

The 6th catered for the middle class, 5th, 7th and 9th for the respectable working class, while 8th Irish and 10th Scottish recruited men with links to the respected country.

The battalion was formed on 30th April when due to the Boer War, it became clear there was a need for men to volunteer their service.

The first Commanding Officer was Colonel C. Woven cloth shield in Blue Red and Gold. An offshoot of this club formed the Kiel Football club the Kieler Sportvereinigung Holstein von e.

V, just after WW1, and they continued to play successfully right until the end of WW2. This badge came as a WW2 souvenir from a British Serviceman of WW2, who fought in Germany until , and then transferred to the Military Police to continue to serve during the occupation till He was stationed in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

It was worn in conjunction with the Nazi Sports badge, which is also for sale in our gallery. In colour patinated bronze, possibly Austrian.

In the Norman through to the Plantagenet eras, War Axes were often the weapon of choice of Kings of England in battle. Henry 1st was the fourth son of William the Conqueror.

Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices.

Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy.

Together with his close advisor, Waleran de Beaumont, Stephen took firm steps to defend his rule, including arresting a powerful family of bishops.

When the Empress and Robert invaded in , however, Stephen was unable to crush the revolt rapidly, and it took hold in the south-west of England.

Captured at the battle of Lincoln in , Stephen was abandoned by many of his followers and lost control of Normandy. Stephen was freed only after his wife and William of Ypres, one of his military commanders, captured Robert at the Rout of Winchester, but the war dragged on for many years with neither side able to win an advantage.

Henry Iind was an energetic and sometimes ruthless ruler, driven by a desire to restore the lands and privileges of his royal grandfather, Henry I.

Henry soon came into conflict with Louis VII and the two rulers fought what has been termed a "cold war" over several decades.

By , he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland and the western half of France, an area that would later come to be called the Angevin Empire.

A 13th Century Iron Head Battle Mace Years Old, On Later Haft Pineapple shaped lobes on circular head with large mounting hole through which the haft slots [it is now fitted to a haft for display as its original rotted away centuries ago as usual].

The type were also used as a Flail Mace. Once the hollow iron head was filled with lead and a chain mounted hook placed within it, a chain could be added to the end of a similar wooden haft.

This subsequent mace head weapon could thus then became a flail, often called a scorpion at the time. This iron mace head has flattened pyramidal protuberances, and is possibly English.

Made for a mounted Knight to use as an armour and helmet Crusher in hand to hand mortal combat upon his war horse, or then dismounted.

It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies.

His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows.

The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed.

During the Middle Ages metal armour such as mail protected against the blows of edged weapons. Solid metal maces and war hammers proved able to inflict damage on well armoured knights, as the force of a blow from a mace is great enough to cause damage without penetrating the armour.

Though iron became increasingly common, copper and bronze were also used, especially in iron-deficient areas.

It is popularly believed that maces were employed by the clergy in warfare to avoid shedding blood sine effusione sanguinis.

The evidence for this is sparse and appears to derive almost entirely from the depiction of Bishop Odo of Bayeux wielding a club-like mace at the Battle of Hastings in the Bayeux Tapestry, the idea being that he did so to avoid either shedding blood or bearing the arms of war.

One of the Crusades this type of mace may have been used was the Crusade of , which was in territorial terms the most successful crusade since the First.

Although the crusaders did not achieve any glorious military victories, they used diplomacy to successfully play the two warring factions of the Muslim Ayyubid dynasty As-Salih Ismail in Damascus and As-Salih Ayyub in Egypt against one another for even more concessions than Frederick II gained during the more well-known Sixth Crusade.

This crusade to the Holy Land is sometimes discussed as two separate crusades: This is because Gregory IX briefly attempted to redirect the target his new crusade from liberating the Holy Land from Muslims to protecting the Latin Empire of Constantinople from heretical Christians.

Despite relatively plentiful primary sources, scholarship until recently has been limited, due at least in part to the lack of major military engagements.

The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is.

Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English or East European. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat.

A superb late Medieval matchlock swivel cannon barrel used on the back of a camel or war elephant. Light cannons that could be used on the battlefield were the mainstay of the Mughal artillery corps, including the shaturnal, similar to swivel guns, but carried on the backs of camels and even in the howdahs of elephants.

Akbar, widely considered the greatest of the Mughal emperors was thirteen years old when he ascended the throne in Delhi, following the death of his father Humayun.

It took him nearly two more decades to consolidate his power and bring parts of northern and central India into his realm.

Towards the end of Akbar concentrated his forces around the fort of Ranthambhor, held by a vassal of the Maharana of Chittor, Rao Surjan Hada of Bundi.

This fort had been attacked earlier in , but that Mughal army had been defeated by the Rajputs. The fort of Gagraun, to the south of Bundi, had however been captured that year.

Now after the capture of Chittor Akbar could turn once again to Ranthambhor. With old Jaipur Arsenal Armoury store mark.

Photographed on a stand, not included. A 18th Century Culloden Period Scottish Basket Hilted Sword An 18th century Scottish basket hilted back-sword of heavy grade combat form with traditional full open basket, with inset oval opening for the holding of reins when on horseback and heart piercings thoughout each panel, and it has a high bun pommel, and original shagreen grip with wire binding.

Armourer stamped blade, with the running wolf [or fox] mark of Solingen or Passau. In its original leather scabbard, the blade and scabbard are of combat-reduced length.

Some few still surviving swords from Culloden have very similarly reduced length blades due to tip damage in the Jacobite rebellion, including the most similar surviving sword of Thomas Milne of Muretoune, supporter of Charles Stuart.

The Jacobite rising of , also known as the Forty-five Rebellion or simply the "45", was an attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for his father, James Francis Edward Stuart.

It took place during the War of the Austrian Succession, when the bulk of the British Army was in Europe, and proved to be the last in a series of revolts that began in , with major outbreaks in , and Charles launched the rebellion on 19 August at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands, capturing Edinburgh and winning the Battle of Prestonpans in September.

At a council in October, the Scots agreed to invade England after Charles assured them of substantial support from English Jacobites and a simultaneous French landing in Southern England.

On that basis, the Jacobite army entered England in early November, reaching Derby on 4 December, where they decided to turn back. Similar discussions had taken place at Carlisle, Manchester and Preston and many felt they had gone too far already.

The invasion route was chosen to take them through areas considered strongly Jacobite but the promised English support failed to materialise, they were far from home and outnumbered by three government armies, each larger than their own.

While the decision was supported by the vast majority, it caused an irretrievable split between the Scots and Charles. Charles escaped to France, but was unable to win support for another attempt, and died in Rome in Irish Jacobite societies continued but increasingly reflected opposition to the existing order rather than affection for the Stuarts and were absorbed by the Republican United Irishmen.

The hilt has a loss of quillon and half langet. A scarce sword from a most turbulent era of French history. There are several such swords in Smithsonian in America.

French participation in North America was initially maritime in nature and marked by some indecision on the part of its military leaders.

In American and French planners organized an attempt to capture Newport, Rhode Island, then under British occupation.

About 3, French joined with 2, Americans in the Siege of Savannah, in which a naval bombardment was unsuccessful, and then an attempted assault of the entrenched British position was repulsed with heavy losses.

Support became more notable when in ; 6, soldiers led by Rochambeau were landed at Newport, abandoned in by the British, and they established a naval base there.

Rochambeau and Washington met at Wethersfield, Connecticut in May to discuss their options. Washington wanted to drive the British from New York City, and the British force in Virginia, led first by turncoat Benedict Arnold, then by Brigadier William Phillips, and eventually by Charles Cornwallis, was also seen as a potent threat that could be fought with naval assistance.

These two options were dispatched to the Caribbean along with the requested pilots; Rochambeau, in a separate letter, urged de Grasse to come to the Chesapeake Bay for operations in Virginia.

De Grasse received these letters in July, at roughly the same time Cornwallis was preparing to occupy Yorktown, Virginia. De Grasse concurred with Rochambeau, and sent back a dispatch indicating that he would reach the Chesapeake at the end of August, but that agreements with the Spanish meant he could only stay until mid-October.

The arrival of his dispatches prompted the Franco-American army to begin a march for Virginia. The Siege of Yorktown and following surrender by Cornwallis on October 19 were decisive in ending major hostilities in North America.

Starting with the Siege of Yorktown, Benjamin Franklin never informed France of the secret negotiations that took place directly between Britain and the United States.

Britain relinquished her rule over the Thirteen Colonies and granted them all the land south of the Great Lakes and east of the Mississippi River. However, since France was not included in the American-British peace discussions, the alliance between France and the colonies was broken.

Thus the influence of France and Spain in future negotiations was limited. Cast brass rococo hilt, with shell guard and knuckle bow. Overall length 36 inches.

There is a picture in the gallery by Thomas Rowlandson of a similar sword worn by a young boy officer [midshipman] of the Royal Navy in the 18th century.

In the 18th century there were no regualtions for sword patterns, so a sword such as this would have been perfect and worn by a young junior naval officer.

The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training.

The first published use of the term midshipman was in The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed.

By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as , alongside apprentice officers without themselves aspiring to a commission.

By , all midshipmen were considered officer candidates. The everage age of entry in the 18th century was 12, but some of younger age were certainly known of.

With Copper Gilt Hilt A most attractive sword based on the Light Dragoon sbare but slightly shorter for the benefit of an officer that fought on foot.

The blade has fine engraving with royal cyphers and crest of the king. There is a lot of dark blue remaining and gilt within the engraving.

Old repair to the knucklebow. In untouched condition for likely years. They revolutionized European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription.

The wars are traditionally seen as a continuation of the Revolutionary Wars, which broke out in during the French Revolution.

Initially, French power rose quickly as the armies of Napoleon conquered much of Europe. In his military career, Napoleon fought about 60 battles and lost seven, mostly at the end.

The great French dominion collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia in Napoleon was defeated in , and then once more in at Waterloo after a brief return to power.

Before a final victory against Napoleon, five of seven coalitions saw defeat at the hands of France. France defeated the first and second coalitions during the French Revolutionary Wars, the third notably at Austerlitz , the fourth notably at Jena, Eylau, and Friedland and the fifth coalition notably at Wagram under the leadership of Napoleon.

These great victories gave the French Army a sense of invulnerability, especially when it approached Moscow. But after the retreat from Russia, in spite of incomplete victories, France was defeated by the sixth coalition at Leipzig, in the Peninsular War at Vitoria and at the hands of the seventh coalition at Waterloo.

The wars resulted in the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and sowed the seeds of nationalism that would lead to the consolidations of Germany and Italy later in the century.

As a direct result of the Napoleonic wars, the British Empire became the foremost world power for the next century, thus beginning Pax Britannica.

However, the most common date is 18 May , when renewed war broke out between Britain and France, ending the one-year-old Peace of Amiens, the only period of general peace in Europe between and The Second Treaty of Paris officially ended the wars on 20 November Some thirty-four regiments of fencible cavalry regiments were raised in and , in response to an invasion scare.

At the same time, a large number of troops of volunteer cavalry were raised on a county level, consisting of local gentry and yeoman farmers; from the latter they took the description yeomanry.

These troops formed into yeomanry regiments, organised broadly by county, around ; their history thereafter is complex, with many disbanding, reforming, and changing title intermittently.

However, most remained in existence throughout the nineteenth century, seeing occasional service quelling riots and helping to maintain public order.

The founder of the dynasty of barrel makers was the legendary Lazarino Cominazzo, first recorded in the accouints of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, for , as Lazari[no] da Gardo[ne].

The most gifted of them in the second half of the 17th century was Fortunato Cominazzo , who signed himself as Lazarino Cominazzo and was noted for the extreme lightness of his barrels.

Unfortunately, as a Brescian chronicle records: On 29 October there was great trouble and revolution in the district of Gardone, Val Trompia, in the course of which both quarrels and murders frequently took place.

Many members of the family lost their lives at the same time, while others fled the area only to return in Due to his fame other makers inscribed his name to their barrels in order to elevate their pistols to his esteemed level.

Very nice working order and fine condition for age. It is engraved with the two kanji under the chrysanthemum mon on the kodzukatana [blade] that likely reads "raijo" meaning "remove thunder".

Original early examples such as this are rare and highly collectable. Not to be confused with much later Meiji period copies.

This is only the second early example we have had in 25 years. Beside their use for horse-healing, they are known as throwing-knifes shuriken or hidden knives.

These were used as both horse bleeder tools and sometimes a backup weapon or "property marker" for samurai. Found on mountings sometimes in place of a kogai, Umabari "horse needle".

The kodzuka handle portion is engraved with many Japanese characters from a poem. Poetry on Bushi horsemanship that starts "Excellent famous horses".

It is believed their principle region of use for these was in the province of Higo, but they were carried elsewhere as time progressed.

It is said there are numerous stories about badly wounded Ronin on the battlefield who would use their Umabari to attack one more foe as the victors moved among the fallen samurai warriors to finish those who were thought helpless.

Just over 8 inches long. Embossed steel cup with acanthus leaf scrolling and left and right hand gadrooning, rolled scroll edging.

Long spiral writhen quillons. Wire twist grip with elaborate wire binding. Compressed, cut, cushion shaped pommel. Blade 32 inches long. Made in the 19th century.

A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two individuals, with matched weapons in accordance with agreed-upon rules.

Duels in this form were chiefly practiced in early modern Europe, with precedents in the medieval code of chivalry, and continued into the modern period 19th to early 20th centuries especially among military officers.

During the 17th and 18th centuries and earlier , duels were mostly fought with swords the rapier, later the smallsword , but beginning in the late 18th century in England, duels were more commonly fought using pistols; fencing and pistol duels continued to co-exist throughout the 19th century.

The duel was based on a code of honour. On rare occasions, duels with pistols or swords were fought between women; these were sometimes known as petticoat duels.

Legislation against duelling goes back to the medieval period. From the early 17th century, duels became illegal in the countries where they were practiced.

Dueling largely fell out of favor in England by the midth century and in Continental Europe by the turn of the 20th century.

Dueling declined in the Eastern United States in the 19th century and by the time the American Civil War broke out, dueling had begun an irreversible decline, even in the South.

Public opinion, not legislation, caused the change. Iron combat axe head of iconic backswept form with elongated rectangular socket mount, on likely a later haft.

His reign lasted for 49 years from until his death in Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, ruling over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent.

During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to 4 million square kilometres, and he ruled over a population estimated to be over million subjects, with an annual yearly revenue of more than ten times that of his contemporary King Louis XIV of France, around 39 million pounds almost 3 billion rupees in It was at the end of his reign that the downfall of the Mughal Empire began.

Rebellions and wars eventually led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and army. He was a strong-handed authoritarian ruler, and following his death the expansionary period of the Mughal Empire came to an end.

Nevertheless, the contiguous territory of the Mughal Empire still remained intact more or less until the reign of Muhammad Shah.

We show a photograph circa with one officer on the left carrying the degan, and the two others with the steel and black P-Hilt.

Due to the early uniform of the SS being black and silver the choice remained limited, generally, to the pattern of military swords available that utilized these colours.

The predominant colour normally used, and chosen by the regular Army officers, was brass [or gold] with black.

The private purchase swords, generally chosen by those serving in the SS, were this sword or the Prinz Eugen.

Very nice clear focusing optics, a little dusty inside, with original neck strap, Carl Zeiss Jena maker marking. Possibly as a private purchase piece on a visit to London before the war, or by a German university student in London who later became an officer of the Reich.

The firm of Carl Zeiss was founded in Jena in and grew to be the most dominant optical and fine mechanical firm in the world at the beginning of the twentieth century through Lahti L is a semi-automatic pistol designed by Aimo Lahti that was produced from to just after the war.

About pistols were made in four production series. The weapon had a bolt accelerator to improve reliability in cold conditions or when fouled.

This kind of system was rare for pistols. It also resembled the German Luger P08 pistol. Finnish military designation 9. It was reliable, accurate and sturdy pistol, but also one of the largest and heaviest 9-mm military pistols ever manufactured.

Structure of the this strong looking pistol had its week point: Powerful submachinegun-ammunition often used by Finnish troops with these pistols could crack the pistols slide quite easily.

When the slides of L broke down in larger numbers Finnish military soon found itself needing replacements for them. Because of this many series of replacement slides were manufactured for Finnish military after World War 2.

Most of these pistols all but series 4 have shoulder stock attachment lugs. While the Finns developed and tested wooden shoulder stocks and wooden shoulder stock holsters for these pistols, these were never manufactured in real numbers and the pistols were issued without them.

The practice was common up to the 20th century and may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks tattoos and others of a successful headhunt.

The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade. Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure.

The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up. Serpentine lamination to the blade.

One photo is of a Kachin villager wearing a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the last photo is of Naga tribesmen in All for information only.

Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of the 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train.

The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons. The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach.

Possibly for use in conjunction with a pistol. A beautiful flask but non working action due to spring. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism.

Unlike most firearms which have the hammer located off to the side of the pistol, a boxlock pistol had the hammer located directly on top of the pistol.

While the hammer obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun more compact and concealable than other pistols.

The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock.

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A famous tennis player and his circle of rich snobby friends are being killed by a black gloved killer. Is his wife involved or will she be the next victim?

Director Alberto Cavallone returns! Hugo Stiglitz is a treasure hunter who leads an expedition that includes Roberto Ballesteros, an important scientist, and Edna Bolkan, a beautiful anthropologist, into the jungle.

The group arrives at an ancient tomb and after opening it, they take the bones found inside. But the remains in the tomb seem connected to a high priest who was sacrificed.

By violating the tomb, the group has unwittingly awoken a diabolical being named Chaneque, who will commit the bloodiest murders in order to retrieve the stolen remains.

The key to the plot is a little girl who the beast intends to kill. Jean-Pierre Mocky directs and star in this twisted thriller. During an orgy with minor girls, some old and wealthy notables are being murdered by a small group of leftist young revolutionaries.

Very soon the police are tracking down Virgile Cabral, the leader of the group. They have not seen each other for three years. Vincent does not believe in the revolution.

He only tries to live as he wishes to live. But by looking for his hunted down brother, he has no other choice than to be involved in a fight which is not his.

The story is simple, but effective: The poor creature has been chained, hidden in a basement. Starring Lex Barker and directed by Robert Siodomak.

President Lincoln to the nationalist Mexican president Benito Juarez. Three friends, Gianni, Nicola and Antonio, are all former partisans.

After the war, although bound by friendship, they each go their own different way: Gianni, who never hid his ambitious bent, studies hard to become a lawyer and moves to Milan; Antonio, a simple, open man, moves from one job to another, until he finds a steady job as an orderly; Nicola, a mediocre intellectual, tries to become a successful film critic, but has to rely on occasional work, living with his family in Nocera Inferiore.

Time passes and Gianni, having finished up his job in Milan, returns to the capital, where he meets up again with Antonio, now engaged to an attractive small-time actress called Luciana.

But Gianni, who more than anything else wants to be successful, betrays Luciana and leaves her for the daughter of a rich, vulgar industrialist.

Meantime, Nicola too comes back to Rome, taking part in a TV quiz show "Double or nothing" as an expert of the history of cinema.

He stumbles and falls at an ambiguous, poorly phrased question, which is to become a veritable obsession for him. The three friends lose touch for many years.

When they once again meet up, Antonio has finally married Luciana: Le Dabe" retired many years ago and now he lives in the Tropics where he owns stables and horses.

He is a very rich man. He was the king of all money counterfeiters. He is contacted from Paris to organize a new job.

But when he finds out the the currency that should be counterfeited is the Holland Forint, he accepts immediately. He retired after having counterfeited Forint notes just before the Queen Wilhelmina retired them from circulation.

He flies to Paris. But the gang is not to be trusted, at least not all of them New York is plagued by a series of murders.

His plan is to make him a target as the victim of the next perfect murder. Braddock is an influential and highly respected citizen of the town of Two Arrows.

He also represents a group of Mexican outlaws led by Valiente. Braddock plans an important robbery with only two young men, Loring and Parker, standing in the way of the bandits.

Peter Lee Lawrence and Luis davilia co-star. After her death Miss Jonas lands before incarnate, who notifies three days too soon came to be.

He sends them temporarily back to Earth, where Miss Jonas knowing anyway in hell to land, it makes dealing with representatives of either sex, its future place of residence in good faith to develop.

The film stars the busty Christi Free! The story is about Countess Martine De Bressac sultry Lina Romay , her mental illness, her sensual obsession and her very "Sadean" relationship to her husband.

She feels irresistible lust driven love for him. In return she gets rejection, psychological abuse and humiliation. Armand had engaged earlier in a relationship with an ambiguous teenager named Fiore, and completely neglects his marital duties, which drives Martine over the edge of mental sanity.

During her recurring sex-abstinence triggered violent crises, she wildly caresses her body, trying in vane to quench her sexual desire.

One night, she sexually assaults Norma, a young novice beautiful Susan Hemingway. Three men kidnap a young girl and keep her in a small house on an isolated beach, waiting for her father to pay up the ransom.

But the youngest one, in charge of watching her, accidentally let the girl see his face and it becomes no longer possible to return her alive A quite surprising crime flick.

Atmospheric, almost silent with a very minimalist plot and stylish directing and cinematography. It could probably had been nothing more than another Johnny Hallyday vehicle but into the hands of director Robert Hossein, it turns into a dark, off the beaten track gem.

Monsieur Derose is supposed to know the hiding place of a treasure and all are waiting him to reveal where it is Two childhood friends have grown up and evolved differently regarding how they approach their fears.

Debut director Pedro Stocki uses this premise to construct his film, and adds to it an old woman who hates cats, a mentally disabled girl, a man whose behavior is truly strange, and a pig eating scene in very bad taste.

An obscure Mexican horror film with plenty of sex and violence! A brave Federal agent, Jonathan Pinkerton, reaches the village where the murderer is supposed to be hiding.

With the co-operation of the local sheriff, Pinkerton starts to make his inquiries, coming to the conclusion that the main suspects are Clinton, a rancher, and Torres, a scientist with a passion for reptiles Argento-inspired thrillers of the time.

Carl Mohner, Fernando sancho and Gloria Milland star. A gambler called Doc, while being chased by a bounty hunter, accidentally watches bandits killing a sherriff.

A case of "out of the frying pan, into the fire", because the bandits believe the sherriff survived - and no less than 50 of them come to kill him.

Jack Palance and Anita Ekberg co-star. Genghis Khan and his Mongol army invade Poland and lay siege to the city of Cracow. The Polish king tries to make peace in order to save his city, and Genghis Khan seems amenable to that.

However, his son Ogotai is itching for war, and his mistress eggs him on to defy his father and take the city. A young physician becomes lonely when his workaholic wife ignores him to concentrate on her professional career.

He is befriended by an older female artist who is fond of hallucinogenic mushrooms. When his wife is late for their anniversary celebration, he drinks and takes mushrooms with the artist.

He wakes up to find she has died and is fearful he may have killed her. By no means a great film, but a rare curiosity. Alida Valli as an hallucinogenic mushrooms enthusiastic artist who has a borderline incestuous relation with her son and is infatuated with a far much younger man A young woman painter discovers in her rented room a strange dark corridor in which she decides to paint visions that she sees.

This dark void has a strange mesmerising influence on her Falsely convicted and condemned to die for robbing an army treasury at Fort Jackson, Tony Garrett manages to escape and looks for the real culprits to take revenge.

His new nickname is the Rattler Kid, and under this new guise he must exact revenge of the man who betrayed him.

After a series of shocking crimes, the clues lead police to a pornographic film maker and his stable of lovely models and starlets. But can the authorities track down the "Hooker Maniac" before he strikes again?

Krista Nell, Orchidea De santis, and Magda konopka star. Directed by Carlo Lizzani. Somewhere between a political crime thriller and a horror movie, this in an ultra-obscure and savage gem by Carlo Lizzani, the prolific director of Storie di Vita e Malavita, Banditi a Milano and Requiescant.

A group of neo-nazi youngsters, usual customers of a bar in the famous Milan public square, live through one day of madness passing between assaults, rapes and homicides.

The film opens with the recovery of the body of the Strangler Roberto Canedo , who had died at the hands of the police, at the conclusion of the first film.

The disfigured killer is taken to the city morgue for what turns out to be a brief lay-over. Reviving in his hideout, the Strangler vows revenge.

At this point, the storyline gets somewhat unusual. The Strangler gets about through the use of lifelike masks.

These are dutifully fashioned from the skin of his victims, by the faithful, mute Tor. Schamlos shameless is an exceptional Austrian movie by an exceptional director.

A very dynamic Udo Kier stars as Pohlmann, a teenager setting up a gang to collect protection money, who falls in love with an exotic dancer, who gets murdered.

Can Pohlmann revenge her? Pohlmann investigates in caravans, used as mobile whorehouses, threatens everybody he meets with violence - all in all, he behaves like bad guys should behave - especially if you take the German TV series "Der Komissar" as a pattern which started 2 years later.

I read about this film over 30 years ago in Cinefantastique and wanted to see it ever since! Eric Sange, a young successful English crime novelist is seeking to buy a house in a French village.

Why are those three women claiming to live alone in the house? A strange little obscure and surrealistic thriller, with half-demented characters and some very crude dialogue, directed by an Argentinean born director living in France.

Candice Strasberg, a young American tourist, is found dead in the south of France. Things go well until she accidentally dies.

Despite the unfortunate turn of events, the crooks decide to keep on as if things were fine. Vic Morrow is a psychotic stunt man and there are also Italian and Austrian actors in this multinational co-production set in Rome.

Schneider, the babysitter, gets kidnapped as well and the two of them battle to get help and ultimately survive. Diamond smuggling in a loaded Triumph sports car provides the action, as the protagonists go from Barcelona to Beirut, from Athens to Bremen, accompanied by an exhilarating jazzy score by Martial Solal.

The fun is aided immeasurably by the charisma and chemistry of the two stars: Belmondo, full of bravado and charm, displaying his full star power; and Seberg looking impossibly glamorous and cool, showing toughness and vulnerability.

Gert Frobe and Fernando Rey lend their strong personalities to several scenes. An episodic film centering on hot European women and the way they drive their admirers nuts!

And this picture is not the exception. There are four story with 4 of the biggest sex symbol of the sixties. The number too and three are only ok.

But is terrible funny and sexy the first and last story. He wants have sex with his young babe, but her mother called. And she prefers to talk with her mum that be care of her husband.

So he decide to have sex with the more complacient neighbor. Lollo here shows all her histrionic excellent comediant and physical see in that suit talent.

Brennus [played by Gordon Mitchell] and his followers make war with the Romans and aim to destroy the city of Rome.

This film is definatly one of the best sword and sandals you can find. Gordon Mitchell steals the show here, and is just amazingly awesome as Brennus the Gaul.

He plays the part with such ferocious strength and energy that it raises this film a few levels above the usual sword and sandal.

I cannot stress enough how awesome Mitchell is in this film. This is must see for all peplum and non-peplum fans alike. Fine acting, good script, engaging plot, well directed, plenty of action, adventure, and a dash of romance.

This is one loud and thunderous romp, a very well made film. The prospect of spending the remainder of their lives alone — i.

Marina and her boyfriend have an argument while on a trip in France. While driving with the car among the cliffs, he starts speeding and the car falls into the sea.

Marina can jump out of the car, but her boyfriend seems to be drowned. She gets to know his brother and he falls in love with her.

Directed by Leonard keigel. Teamed with a bumbling Israeli operative stuntman Gil Delamare , FX must deal with exploding airplanes, nuclear terrorists, scientists in spiked coffins, murdered strippers, and sadistic torture-killings, all while trying to avoid World War III.

Delamare stages some impressive stunts, and although the supporting cast is rather weak, Wyler, Delamare, and siren Jany Clair make the film enjoyable for genre devotees.

This film has several alternate titles, including: The story is a kind of revenge for my daughter story written by Alain Delon himself who also produced the movie and sang the chanson at the credits!

His wife Stephane Audran , who was crippled in their second year of marriage, has become a bitter and unpleasant virago.

Though he keeps company with a lovely mistress Catherine Spaak , the wife is still a considerable burden. When she dies in an automobile accident, he is relieved.

That relief is short-lived, however, because his sister-in-law Stephane Audran, again comes to live with him immediately. At the same time, someone tries to blackmail him by suggesting that he killed his wife In , a German commando dissimulates a large quantity of gold in an undersea cave on the coast of Corsica.

Years later, Schlumpf, the sole survivor of the commando, returns to Corsica to recuperate the treasure -- with British and Soviet spies on his heels, and closely monitored by Dromard, from the French intelligence services.

The monocled Dromard is convinced that he can outfox his opponents, but difficulties accumulate: Who will get the treasure?

Paul Meurisse stars as the titular character and Elga Andersen as the female lead, directed by Georges Lautner. A hotel guest has been killed in the hour hotel " Ostend "with several knife wounds.

As director Rolf Olsen films the killing scene in as minimalist as a stylistic masterpiece. A wife and mother in a relationship usually witht a much younger lover , her nephew.

The horny husband kills them both. An attractive woman Corny Collins excited there , naked to peer through the keyholes of the hotel room.

A gay couple must dodge his meetings with establishment types. An honest businessman gives himself up with a whore unusual erotic games, and disguised itself as a devil Herbert Fux in costume.

Landru, the father of four Children, contacts Parisian women through newspapers, seduces and eventually kills them in order to feed his little family.

Well if your objective was to get the main details of a famous serial murder case you will be satisfied. However a film lover could have expected something more fiery, more intense, more unsettling from Claude Chabrol than just that.

To tell the truth there is more to this movie than Indeed there are good production values, fine colours, slightly stylized settings and a stellar cast.

Charles Denner, on the other hand, oddly directed by Chabrol, is a physical lookalike of the "sieur de Gambais" but fails to deliver both charm and terror.

All in all it seems like a tough and nasty version of a 60s Eddie Constantine film. When intruders interfere in the robbery of Le Mataf Michel Constantin and his gang and a girl is murdered, they are set up for blackmail by an underworld figure who wants them to do a job for him Fantastic Eurocrime film by Serge Leroy.

Great score by Stelvio Cipriani. Episodic portrait of a criminal, from until after the war. Roberto Borgo is tough, cool, sardonic, loyal, and deadly.

Awesome Jess Franco erotic horror film finally in English! This is probably the best version of the three. But despite using the same plot all three films are completely different.

Franco, is less concerned with the essentials of narrative than with mood and style. Lina Romay stars as a nightclub mind reader who finds herself under the influence of sinister forces and suffers from nightmares of bloody murder.

Lina Romay, Carmen Carrion and Daniel katz co-star. Four men, a journalist, a doctor, a professor and a merchant, meet up every evening in a deserted bar to play cards.

One night the police arrive with the news that a dead body has been found nearby and the inspector in charge is sure that one of them did it.

It is a whodunit, in an experimental vein. Plenty of krimi theory bandied about. What crossed my mind, however, was that it was more a meditation on gambling, that is until I discovered they were playing bridge.

The four men around the card table have no names, nor do they seem at all bothered by the consequences of murder and conviction.

Bridge, as far as I know IS a friendly game. Yes, I know, low stakes poker is pretty damned friendly! Horst Frank leads a criminal conspiracy that has control of the entire Mississippi River except for one river town whose sheriff is Brad Harris.

The Cherokee are portrayed as a plains tribes with British Colombian cultural motifs on their tipis living outside of Helena, Montana.

Helena is placed as river town on the Mississippi River next to Vicksburg. All the elements of a good popcorn Western are in place: Hard riding, saloon brawls, gunfights, Indian attacks, comic relief, and a dash of virginal romance.

The heroes are righteous, the villains are slimy, the Indians are the usual hot-headed, easily manipulated dupes, and the townfolks are gullible dopes.

A female civilization, possessing a strange science, look on our planet as invasion material. Their plan includes weird technology, sexy panties and death rays!

Lorena velasquez infamous sexy actress who usually played an Amazonian type co-stars. A lovely and naked Pamela Prati stars as the titled character in this amazing mix of sex and horror.

A Swiss legend tells of three herdsmen who let themselves in for the powers of evil and were punished gruesomely for their outrage Up on a mountain, far from their village, the three herdsmen lead an ascetic life without any company or contact to the rest of the world.

We have three very different characters, two of wich have no name: Second is a rather sleazy fellow who looks a little like Roman Polanski and seems to be disturbingly horny all the time and very fond of schnapps.

However, the boy has his own vice as he likes his favourite cow by the name of Bruni, to lick salt off his body. One day, the boy finds a curiously, face-shaped root in a cave.

They soon come to regret this when their creation comes to life The narrator, an elderly Manhattan lawyer with a very comfortable business helping wealthy men deal with mortgages, deeds, and bonds, relates the story of the strangest man he has ever known At first, Bartleby appears to be a boon to the practice, as he produces a large volume of high-quality work.

One day, though, when asked by the narrator to help proofread a copied document, Bartleby answers with what soon becomes his stock response: The narrator makes several attempts to reason with him and to learn something about him, but Bartleby offers nothing but his signature "I would prefer not to.

The Marquis de Villemaur reunite stranges visitors in his Castle, to meet a survivor of the 3rd Reich. There is an Italian fascist ; Heinrich, a German ; Matthias, a russian ; and Dromard, a blind French war hero, with a black monocle.

Catherine is left unmarried and pregnant when her mobster sweetheart is killed. With the help of another unmarried mother-to-be, Catherine goes looking for the stash of cash buried by her lover before his death.

Soon other thugs and her suspicious neighbors are following their every move in an attempt to recover the lost loot. Another great movie from director Georges Lautner that offers a pretty exciting mixture of crime flick, comedy and drama And a great leading role for Mireille Darc The plot is narrated via a series of flashbacks, and while this gives the film a rather disjointed feel, the talented director ensures that every scene flows well and is relevant to the plot.

The film revolves around Frank; the man shot at the beginning, as he lies in a pool of blood, he thinks back to how he got into that position - a story that centres on the mother of his nineteen year old girlfriend.

A fellow doctor and wanna-be vampire hunter believes that the Ferat sports car runs not on petrol, but on human blood! Twenty years after WW2 an Italian general Marcello Mastroianni embarks on a questionable mission through the heart of Albania searching for the remains of those who once fought on the side of the Fascists.

Relying on dated and often ambiguous records the general encounters an ambitious German colonel Gerard Klein who appears to be on a similar quest.

Jean Gabin is a sad piece of gambling wreckage, living from horserace to horserace by bullying his clientele to take shoddy tips.

His pride and bluster are still intact, though, and what baldfaced lies he gets away with! The snapshot views of Paris are nice too - the Bois de Boulogne walkers, French horseracing, even a woman learning to cook pheasant from a TV show.

Jean-Paul Belmondo stars in this Georges Lautner directed action comedy. After the failure of his recent criminal exploits, international con artist Alexandre Dupre sets off for Venice to try to dupe some Japanese business men into buying a fake copy of a stolen Caneletto.

On the airplane, a stranger asks him to look after his briefcase until after they have landed. Alexandre agrees, but the stranger is shot dead soon after and Alexandre himself becomes the target of enemy agents who are keen to recover the briefcase.

The blueprints of an airplane built from an ultra-secret metal are stolen from national security. French secret service agent Walder believes that the documents are now in Switzerland, in the hands of a man named Lindbaum.

The latter agrees to hand over the blueprints in return for a large sum of money. Another agent, Francis Coplan, is sent to Switzerland to handle the deal, but Lindbaum only has half of the documents because he was double-crossed by Kalpannen, an international crook.

Michel Piccoli, Valentine Tessier, and rada Rassimov star. When Michel gets the life-sized sex doll he ordered, shipped directly from Japan, he is only intrigued by it at first.

Then the silent unresponsiveness of the thing begins to haunt him, and he finds himself reacting to it as if it were an equally unresponsive living woman.

As time passes, more and more of his life is spent trying to satisfy or placate its relentless silence, and he goes somewhat mad.

He dresses the doll and takes it with him wherever he goes. When his usually very tolerant wife discovers what is going on, her jealousy knows no bounds and she attempts to imitate this threatening love-object.

The light-hearted quality of this addle-pated fantasy darkens quickly when various neighborhood men attempt to put the doll to its originally intended use.

It was released in , the year that the Nouvelle Vague took hold of French cinema. The former members of the network have carried on with their lives after the war, but this evening they are going to have to live again a fateful night - the night their leader was killed.

He had been betrayed, his name given to the Germans. The search for the traitor puts each personality in the spotlight - and also that of the killed leader, Castille.

Why is the woman running? Why is the witch after her? And who are the three young men she keeps seeing in the woods as she runs? The second part has two men fleeing a plague of some sort.

Before long, however, the mind of one of the men starts playing tricks in regards to the woman they buried. They then get into a nasty fight which leaves the second man dead and the first man suffering even more hallucinations.

Man 1 then buries Man 2. But is the other man really dead? Why does the first man begin to have "visions" of his former friend un-burying himself and stalking him in the woods?

Far out stuff here; the end of this segment is most unusual. Segment 3 has to do with a scientist and his cat who both ingest some chemicals by accident.

This liquid gives the victims the appearance of being dead, but we quickly discover the scientist and the cat are merely paralyzed.

Have a funeral and bury the unfortunate scientist. Can the scientist wake up from his paralysis in time to avoid being buried alive? Lucky for the cat he was able to get up and walk away when the paralysis wore off!

Max Baumstein is a reputable businessman, a rich self-made man with a conscience - he founded a highly visible and active international organization fighting against violations of human rights.

Why would he commit an act that apparently negates the principles he has striven for so long to uphold? Eventually, he reveals a secret about himself that he kept hidden from his younger wife Lina, and that in a roundabout way concerns her as well.

It is the conclusion of a struggle that started many decades earlier, when Elsa Wiener, a German singer exiled in Paris, without money or relations, a refugee among many others, faced two daunting problems: Earth is invaded by a race of superior assholes who plan to destroy all life so they can enjoy all the earth has to offer.

The Visigoths invade Italy during the later years of the Roman Empire. I found the whipping scenes mildly interesting, just from the standpoint of how raw they seemed and how believable the cries of pain were.

Plenty of pretty girls, murders, good plot and excellent music - this is what this movie about.. In the ensuing turmoil, the killers manage to escape.

Together with a male accomplice, they terrorize the guests of a hotel in a remote part of Scotland, where they hide from the police Mara Rita Hayworth runs a gas station in the middle of nowhere and has gone a little crazy since her darling son Rocky mysteriously vanished.

She imagines passing young men to be the missing boy and Jonas Walker is no exception. But she gives Jonas a reason to stay around. Before Santo, there was the man in the silver mask!!

The main role was offered to Santo, but he refused. This film is the starting point of the "Lucha Libre" genre.

So, presumably this film opens the genre. Repeatedly, the character of this film use the distinctive "Silver masked.

Was planned as a series, for this reason has "cliffhanger endings", but was never presented in that way, it rolls as a normal movie. Occasionally you hear the eerie music that would later become indispensable in the atmosphere of the Santo movies.

This film has higher production and better performance than a Santo movie. The Roman was one of the best comic actors of the Italian cinema, he made many memorable films.

Dante Fontana Sordi is an Italian man in love with British culture and lifestyle. Norman goes to Barcelona, where he has one weekend to transport the delivery of a magnetic tape, to contact an engineer in perdition and to save the network….

An unhappily married man with two children watches a beautiful woman kill herself when she ties herself inside a car and drives off a cliff.

Jean Jean-Louis Trintignant tries to save the woman but is too late. After hanging out with his bohemian friends, he writes a letter to the local newspaper saying that he killed the woman.

Jean is galvanized by the sensationalism of the headlines and becomes intoxicated with thoughts of murder Exaggerate, make them cry, frighten them In a revolution, there are neither victors nor vanquished but only victims; revolution may be a goal, but is any goal worth so much bitterness and suffering?

Can there be a revolution without one group forcing another to do what it dies not want to do? But if there can be no good revolution, what is left?

Is it all just utopian dreaming? Jean -Claude Brialy portrays even if the story is not very clear on that point for good reasons a bisexual playing a two- bit Vicomte De Valmont "Dangerous Liaisons" whose motto is probably "revenge is a dish best eaten cold".

Charles Belmont ,an actor who quickly fell into oblivion ,is his victim. Bernadette Laffont ,an actress either outstanding or exasperating ,depending on whom you ask , serves as the instrument of this revenge.

Martino and his men are assigned to lead a group of prostitutes through the mountainous ways to serve in brothels for Italian soldiers in Greece.

Three military men of different rank have the job of taking them through, and the relationships they develop with the girls on this trip is the real subject matter of the film.

Sublimely beautiful Sixties New-Wave icon Anna Karina plays the most cheerful of the ladies of leisure but there are no real leads in the film, all 5 or 6 of the main characters are given equal screen time and Zurlini never falters once as he draws poetic and hilarous performances full of insights from each character.

On a higher level "Le Soldattese" becomes a deep examination of one relatively minor but revealing absurdity prostitutes being carried to brothels in a war-torn area to boost troop morale overlapping the bigger, related absurdity of the war itself and Mussolini-era fascism.

Otto runs a hotel for tourists in the Bavarian Alps but has troubles both with the economy and with his wife Olga. After a trip to Stockholm he imports three Swedish blondes who eventually save Otto from disaster, both marital and financial.

She lives alone with his creepy, deranged son Maurizio degli Esposti , working at home as a fake clairvoyant exploiting a squalid crowd of ignorant, bigot, repulsive yet rich people looking for supernatural advice.

They are swindled mercilessly by the mistress not endowed with relevant psychic powers: A striking, cryptic, surrealistic black tale of incest, violence, rape, witchcraft, filth, misery, superstition and marginalization set up in a bleak industrial environment.

The hypnotic sound theme during the rite scene is an original recording of a shamanic rite held in Macedonia taken by the director.

Lucia Bose barfs up live frogs, Tina Aumont also co-stars. Police Inspector Nico Giraldi is on vacation with his pregnant wife.

His holiday is suddenly interrupted when Nico is urgently called to Milan where a well-known Roman crook, Venticello, has been arrested and accused of murder.

In spite of the fact that Nico and Venticello are antagonists, they respect each other. Nico is convinced Venticello would never have committed murder, and sets out to prove it.

Nico Giraldi unearths several clues, but each time he follows them up another person is mysteriously murdered. Feeling doubly betrayed because of his unhealthy adoration for Maria, Massa is determined to get back at Luciano.

Asia Argento directs and stars in one of these episodic horror tales. The titles of the stories are as follows: It deals with a satanist sex-crazed maniac with supernatural powers that gives to him the strange medallion.

Dave Boland Carlos East wears a strange medallion and robs the bank. He was caught and was prepared for hanging. At moment before hanging Dave uses his supernatural power and makes a local shoe-shiner his accomplice.

While running from sheriff Dave was injured and after some time dies. But before his death Dave gives this medallion to shoe-shiner Oscar and asks him to take revenge in the name of Satan.

So he does it and also continue to rape and kill women never forgetting to leave satanic mark on their bodies Among the other interesting features of this French crime drama is a brief consideration of the dire consequences of the legalization of drugs.

The Chief Michel Bouquet is a drug dealer whose empire ranges beyond the country guilty of legalizing drugs.

He has been captured and nearly killed by an American rival and is being kept painfully alive by life-support machinery. The film begins in the future when the Chief is awakened from suspended animation and in flashback recounts his story to the naked woman who has freed him.

Daniel and Paul are two factory workers who supplement their income by some nocturnal safe-cracking. But their luck soon runs out: Sometime later, Daniel manages to escape whilst being transferred to a prison and goes into hiding in Haute-Provence.

There, he befriends the owner of a remote petrol station, Thomas, who invites him to live with him and his wife, Maria, in exchange for doing odd jobs.

Daniel is reluctant to betray his new friend but has no choice when Maria threatens to hand him over to the police. When he learns the truth, Thomas turns on his wife, but she kills him in self-defense.

The Second Treaty of Paris officially ended the wars on 20 November Some thirty-four regiments of fencible cavalry regiments were raised in and , in response to an invasion scare.

At the same time, a large number of troops of volunteer cavalry were raised on a county level, consisting of local gentry and yeoman farmers; from the latter they took the description yeomanry.

These troops formed into yeomanry regiments, organised broadly by county, around ; their history thereafter is complex, with many disbanding, reforming, and changing title intermittently.

However, most remained in existence throughout the nineteenth century, seeing occasional service quelling riots and helping to maintain public order.

The founder of the dynasty of barrel makers was the legendary Lazarino Cominazzo, first recorded in the accouints of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, for , as Lazari[no] da Gardo[ne].

The most gifted of them in the second half of the 17th century was Fortunato Cominazzo , who signed himself as Lazarino Cominazzo and was noted for the extreme lightness of his barrels.

Unfortunately, as a Brescian chronicle records: On 29 October there was great trouble and revolution in the district of Gardone, Val Trompia, in the course of which both quarrels and murders frequently took place.

Many members of the family lost their lives at the same time, while others fled the area only to return in Due to his fame other makers inscribed his name to their barrels in order to elevate their pistols to his esteemed level.

Very nice working order and fine condition for age. It is engraved with the two kanji under the chrysanthemum mon on the kodzukatana [blade] that likely reads "raijo" meaning "remove thunder".

Original early examples such as this are rare and highly collectable. Not to be confused with much later Meiji period copies.

This is only the second early example we have had in 25 years. Beside their use for horse-healing, they are known as throwing-knifes shuriken or hidden knives.

These were used as both horse bleeder tools and sometimes a backup weapon or "property marker" for samurai. Found on mountings sometimes in place of a kogai, Umabari "horse needle".

The kodzuka handle portion is engraved with many Japanese characters from a poem. Poetry on Bushi horsemanship that starts "Excellent famous horses".

It is believed their principle region of use for these was in the province of Higo, but they were carried elsewhere as time progressed.

It is said there are numerous stories about badly wounded Ronin on the battlefield who would use their Umabari to attack one more foe as the victors moved among the fallen samurai warriors to finish those who were thought helpless.

Just over 8 inches long. Embossed steel cup with acanthus leaf scrolling and left and right hand gadrooning, rolled scroll edging.

Long spiral writhen quillons. Wire twist grip with elaborate wire binding. Compressed, cut, cushion shaped pommel. Blade 32 inches long.

Made in the 19th century. A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two individuals, with matched weapons in accordance with agreed-upon rules.

Duels in this form were chiefly practiced in early modern Europe, with precedents in the medieval code of chivalry, and continued into the modern period 19th to early 20th centuries especially among military officers.

During the 17th and 18th centuries and earlier , duels were mostly fought with swords the rapier, later the smallsword , but beginning in the late 18th century in England, duels were more commonly fought using pistols; fencing and pistol duels continued to co-exist throughout the 19th century.

The duel was based on a code of honour. On rare occasions, duels with pistols or swords were fought between women; these were sometimes known as petticoat duels.

Legislation against duelling goes back to the medieval period. From the early 17th century, duels became illegal in the countries where they were practiced.

Dueling largely fell out of favor in England by the midth century and in Continental Europe by the turn of the 20th century. Dueling declined in the Eastern United States in the 19th century and by the time the American Civil War broke out, dueling had begun an irreversible decline, even in the South.

Public opinion, not legislation, caused the change. Iron combat axe head of iconic backswept form with elongated rectangular socket mount, on likely a later haft.

His reign lasted for 49 years from until his death in Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, ruling over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent.

During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to 4 million square kilometres, and he ruled over a population estimated to be over million subjects, with an annual yearly revenue of more than ten times that of his contemporary King Louis XIV of France, around 39 million pounds almost 3 billion rupees in It was at the end of his reign that the downfall of the Mughal Empire began.

Rebellions and wars eventually led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and army. He was a strong-handed authoritarian ruler, and following his death the expansionary period of the Mughal Empire came to an end.

Nevertheless, the contiguous territory of the Mughal Empire still remained intact more or less until the reign of Muhammad Shah. We show a photograph circa with one officer on the left carrying the degan, and the two others with the steel and black P-Hilt.

Due to the early uniform of the SS being black and silver the choice remained limited, generally, to the pattern of military swords available that utilized these colours.

The predominant colour normally used, and chosen by the regular Army officers, was brass [or gold] with black. The private purchase swords, generally chosen by those serving in the SS, were this sword or the Prinz Eugen.

Very nice clear focusing optics, a little dusty inside, with original neck strap, Carl Zeiss Jena maker marking. Possibly as a private purchase piece on a visit to London before the war, or by a German university student in London who later became an officer of the Reich.

The firm of Carl Zeiss was founded in Jena in and grew to be the most dominant optical and fine mechanical firm in the world at the beginning of the twentieth century through Lahti L is a semi-automatic pistol designed by Aimo Lahti that was produced from to just after the war.

About pistols were made in four production series. The weapon had a bolt accelerator to improve reliability in cold conditions or when fouled.

This kind of system was rare for pistols. It also resembled the German Luger P08 pistol. Finnish military designation 9.

It was reliable, accurate and sturdy pistol, but also one of the largest and heaviest 9-mm military pistols ever manufactured.

Structure of the this strong looking pistol had its week point: Powerful submachinegun-ammunition often used by Finnish troops with these pistols could crack the pistols slide quite easily.

When the slides of L broke down in larger numbers Finnish military soon found itself needing replacements for them.

Because of this many series of replacement slides were manufactured for Finnish military after World War 2. Most of these pistols all but series 4 have shoulder stock attachment lugs.

While the Finns developed and tested wooden shoulder stocks and wooden shoulder stock holsters for these pistols, these were never manufactured in real numbers and the pistols were issued without them.

The practice was common up to the 20th century and may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks tattoos and others of a successful headhunt.

The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade. Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure. The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up.

Serpentine lamination to the blade. One photo is of a Kachin villager wearing a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the last photo is of Naga tribesmen in All for information only.

Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of the 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train.

The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons.

The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach. Possibly for use in conjunction with a pistol.

A beautiful flask but non working action due to spring. The most unique feature of their design was the boxlock mechanism. Unlike most firearms which have the hammer located off to the side of the pistol, a boxlock pistol had the hammer located directly on top of the pistol.

While the hammer obstructed the aim of the user, this system had the advantage of making the gun more compact and concealable than other pistols.

The first boxlock pistols were flintlock and where later made in percussion lock. Spring lacking, opening to seam. Priced for decoration only.

A 19th Century Indo Persian Saif [Shamshir] Traces of silver inlay to the steel hilt and a finely made sword of around years old. The word has been translated through many languages to end at scimitar.

Turkic Ghilman slave-soldiers serving under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates introduced "kilij" type sabers to all of the other Middle Eastern cultures.

Previously, Arabs and Persians used straight-bladed swords such as the Indo-Persian khanda and earlier types of the Arab saif, takoba and kaskara.

During Islamization of the Turks, the kilij became more and more popular in the? When the Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the first Turkic Muslim political power in Western Asia, kilij became the dominant sword form.

The Arabic word is ultimately derived from the ancient Greek xiphos, but it is not necessarily a direct loan from the Greek, it may have entered Arabic from another source, as both saif and xiphos go back to an old Bronze Age Wanderwort of the eastern Mediterranean, of unknown ultimate origin.

Burton derives both words from the Egyptian sfet. The English term scimitar is attested from the midth century, derives from either the Middle French cimeterre 15th century or from the Italian scimitarra.

The ultimate source of these terms is unknown. Perhaps they are corruptions of the Persian shamshir, but the OED finds this explanation "unsatisfactory".

They were well known as manufacturers of Pewterware, Electroplated Britannia metal Silverware and Electroplated nickel silver.

Their products included hundreds of items for use in the kitchen e. They were also famous for their sporting trophies. Two of the most well-known are the Hales Trophy commissioned in sometimes called the Blue Riband though this really refers to the pendant flown by the sailing ship currently holding the record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic.

The trophy was then held by the owners of that ship. The other great trophy is the one presented to the winner of the American Masters Golf tournament held annually in Augusta Georgia.

This trophy is a scale model of the clubhouse made in and contains troy ounces of silver. A 19th Century Medievil Style Knightly Sword 13thth Century style, but made in the Victorian era, most probably as a faithful representation and display piece for a country estate.

To reflect the interest, numerous great castles and gothic mansions were built, and many were furnished with Knightly Armour and Weaponry such as this.

Possibly from a smaller German state or Grand Duchy. A 19th Century Silver North African Jambiya Koummya With Rope Mount Two ring mounting with beautiful and finely scroll engraved panelled silver front decoration and engraved brass reverse side.

The koummya is the characteristic traditional dagger of the Berber and Arabic peoples of Morocco. Stone classifies these as being one localized variant of the Arabic jambiya, and the contoured handles, curved double-edged blades and exaggeratedly upturned scabbard tips are all features consistent with such an interpretation.

In the context of the traditional regional manner of dress, the koummya is worn visibly at the left side, generally about at the level of the waist and is suspended vertically, with the scabbard tip forward, by a long woolen baldric, attached at either end to one of the two scabbard rings, and worn crossing in front and back of the torso and over the right shoulder.

A much greater diversity in forms and decoration exists than is represented by the examples presented here and presumably such features could be used to place particular examples geographically and temporally.

Koummya blades are curved and double edged with the portion nearer the hilt remaining relatively straight while the curvature becomes pronounced in the half towards the tip.

The length of the blade which is beveled and sharpened is longer along the concave side than along the opposite convex side. Blade thickness tapers from the base of the blade, where it is thickest, to the tip.

While the edge bevels may give the blade a flattened diamond or lenticular cross-section towards the tip, the cross-section is rectangular at the forte.

These blades are characteristically relatively thin and utilitarian and the presence of fullers or ridges is not typical. Original brown Edo period lacquer saya, plain iron fushi kashira, pierced iron sukashi tsuba with small copper inlays.

The blade has a typical koto period, notare hamon that continues along the whole length of the blade. The blade has an old thinning opening on one side of the kissaki.

The skill of the ancient samurai swordsmith was unsurpassed in the world and could take up to 30 years or more for a smith to fully master. This samurai sword, like all true and original samurai swords, would have been the prize possession of every samurai that owned it.

It would most likely have cost more than his home, and would certainly have been more important. This is just one reason why fine Japanese sword steel, even of this tremendous age, is in such good state of preservation.

When a katana such as this has been, for its entire existence, so highly revered, treasured and appreciated, it will have been cared for most sensitively and treated with the utmost respect during its entire life.

In many regards it will have represented the only thing that stood between its samurai owner, of which there may have been 30 or more during this swords great history, and his ultimate downfall in a combat situation.

The late Muromachi period was a time of continuous upheaval and war. The demand for swords was high and they needed to have excellent cutting ability.

As such, Sukesada swords from this time that have survived to this day can be fine pieces. Sukesada is a name forever synonymous with the Bizen region.

The name spans over 60 generations. Suguha hamon, and a strong and powerful blade. A true samurais battle sword with original Edo battle wrap hilt [tsuka] with gold layered menuki.

Very little in the way of cosmetic frills, this is a highly functional sword designed for extreme combat warfare, with simple mounts and plain fittings.

Plain traditional black lacquer saya. The Battle of Sekigahara Shinjitai: Sekigahara no Tatakai was a decisive battle on October 21, Keicho 5, 15th day of the 9th month , that preceded the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate.

Musashi would have been around 16 years of age at the time. There is no hard evidence to prove if Musashi was present or not for the battle.

Tokugawa Ieyasu took three more years to consolidate his position of power over the Toyotomi clan and the daimyos, but Sekigahara is widely considered to be the unofficial beginning of the Tokugawa bakufu, the last shogunate to control Japan.

Blade tsuba to tip It has a traditional very nice quality cast relief fouled anchor langet, and a somewhat shortened blade and the knuckle bow removed.

Carved ebony grip with small losses at the pommel area, bound with original triple wire copper binding. Blade shows nice traces though feint of traditional naval etching.

This is one of those very such sword-dirks. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost.

It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England. This involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas.

Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the enemy fleet, with decisive results.

Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle.

No scabbard Overall Battle damaged and a fabulous artifact of 17th century warfare. With later haft [not shown] A partizan also partisan is a type of polearm that was used in Europe in the Middle Ages.

It consisted of a spearhead mounted on a long shaft, usually wooden, with protrusions on the sides which aided in parrying sword thrusts.

From the era of the Italian Wars of Castro. We do have its polearm 70 inches long overall, The blue and gilt is good but has some wear and fading due to to use.

Officers both regular and volunteers carried fighting swords very similar in form to those of the trooper version, though they tended to be lighter in weight and show evidence of higher levels of finish and workmanship.

Officers stationed in India sometimes had the hilts and scabbards of their swords silvered as a protection against the high humidity of the Monsoon season.

Unlike the officers of the heavy cavalry, light cavalry officers did not have a pattern dress sword. As a result of this there were many swords made which copied elements of the pattern design but incorporated a high degree of decoration, such as blue and gilt or frost-etched blades, and gilt-bronze hilts such as this one.

The mounted swordsmanship training of the British emphasised the cut, at the face for maiming or killing, or at the arms to disable.

This left masses of mutilated or disabled troops; the French, in contrast, favoured the thrust, which gave cleaner kills. A cut with the LC sabre was, however, perfectly capable of killing outright, as was recorded by George Farmer of the 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons, who was involved in a skirmish on the Guadiana River in , during the Peninsular War: It was the most tremendous blow I ever beheld struck; and both he who gave, and his opponent who received it, dropped dead together.

The brass helmet was afterwards examined by order of a French officer, who, as well as myself, was astonished at the exploit; and the cut was found to be as clean as if the sword had gone through a turnip, not so much as a dint being left on either side of it" The blade is remembered today as one of the best of its time and has been described as the finest cutting sword ever manufactured in quantity.

Officers of the famous 95th Rifles, other light infantry regiments and the "flank" companies of line regiments adopted swords with an identical hilt to the light cavalry sabre, but with a lighter and shorter blade.

The sabre was also copied by the Prussians; indeed, some Imperial German troops were equipped with almost identical swords, but smaller, into the First World War.

A Beautiful 17th Cent. From the early Qing dynasty that followed the late Ming. A most rare and original antique sword, and what a find!

Old original Chinese antique arms very rarely survive, and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums.

The fittings are very much in the form popular in the south to eastern region of the old Chinese empire in the Xizang province.

This sword is a textbook representative example of the familiar Chinese form, well made and of good quality. The blade has traces still visible of the prominent hairpin pattern, the hallmark of traditional Sino-Tibetan blades, consisting of seven dark lines alternating with six light lines, caused by the different types of iron that were combined during the forging process.

This was formed by combining harder and softer iron, referred to as "male iron" and "female iron" in traditional Tibetan texts, which was folded, nested together, and forged into one piece in a blade-making technique called pattern welding.

The hilts are often made of engraved silver set with coral or turquoise, or in some rare instances are intricately chiseled and pierced in iron that is damascened in gold and silver.

The different styles of swords that were once found in China and Tibet can be distinguished by several basic features, which include the type of blade, the form of hilt, the type of scabbard, and how the sword was designed to be worn.

Traditional Tibetan texts divide swords into five principal types, each of which has a main subtype, for a total of ten basic types.

These are in turn subdivided into dozens of further subtypes, many of which may, however, reflect legends and literary conventions rather than actual sword forms.

Armour and weapons are certainly not among the images usually called to mind when considering the art or culture of Tibet, which is closely identified with the pacifism and deep spirituality of the Dalai Lama and with the compassionate nature of Tibetan Buddhism.

However, this seeming paradox resolves itself when seen in the context of Tibetan history, which includes regular and extended periods of intense military activity from the seventh to the mid-twentieth century.

Some excellent examples of Tibetan arms and armour can be found in museum collections today Other types were preserved for ceremonial occasions, the most important of which was the Great Prayer Festival, a month-long event held annually in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa.

Historical armour and weapons were also preserved due to the long-standing tradition of placing votive arms in monasteries and temples, where they are kept in special chapels, known as gonkhang mgon khang , and dedicated to the service of guardian deities.

Because his two predecessors received the title posthumously, Sonam is called the Third Dalai Lama. He becomes both a great scholar and an able administrator, earning the nickname "the Great Fifth.

For a dozen years, news of his death is hidden from the Chinese Qing emperor Kangxi by the regent Sangye Gyatso.

In , after years of unrest, the Chinese emperor finally installs the Seventh Dalai Lama and proclaims Tibet a Chinese protectorate. Although there are representatives of the Manchus in Tibet, the region is largely left to function independently and does so for the next years.

Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Nepal is divided between the three sons of King Jayayakshamalla into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan.

Kathmandu becomes the capital of the Gorkha kingdom shortly thereafter. Currently in one of the worlds greatest museums, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is an exhibition of Chinese Tibetan arms and armour.

Good regimental badge with copper crown, replacement red horsehair plume. The Shropshire Yeomanry dates its origins to the French wars of Volunteer cavalry units were raised throughout the country, with Shropshire raising many varied and exotic corps - the Brimstree Loyal Legion, the Pimhill Light Horse, the Oswestry Rangers and others.

In , the Shrewsbury Y. These in turn amalgamated in to form the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. They date their origins to the raising of the Wellington Troop in Overall light surface wear denting and surface fracture to the rear [see photos].

A Beautiful 18th Century Long Holster Flintlock of the Mediterranean Finely carved walnut stock, long holster barrel beautifully chisseled and inlaid with silver.

Silver buttcap, traditional early banana shaped lock. An Italianate style flintlock, made in the area of the Mediterranean, used throughout Europe in the 18th and early 19th century in the Napoelonic Wars and throughout the Ottoman Empire.

A beautifully sprauncy sidearm, with long flared barrel. This is an original, honest and impressive antique flintlock that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger.

It is exactly the very form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course.

The buttcap has seen damage when used as a skull crusher and had a field repair to the ears. The Tulwar had historically been the quintessential combat sword used by Sikhs as their sacred kirpan due to its superior handling while mounted on horseback.

With a curved blade optimized for cutting and slashing with sweeping cuts delivered from the shoulder by a horseman the curved blade of the tulwar could strike repeated blows without the danger of the blade getting stuck in bone or armour.

It allowed for fierce slashing on all sides cutting through enemy formations while mounted on horseback. With its curved blade the point of the sword cannot be very effectively used for thrusting and the Tulwars defensive capabilities are limited.

In this circumstance defence was taken up by using the shield Dhal in tandem with the Tulwar as an integral duo on the battlefield. The blade was firmly attached to the hilt of the Tulwar commonly using a heated paste of lac or red dye from the papal tree which when it hardened provided a solid and effective adhesive between the two parts of the sword.

The hilt of the Tulwar has a button on top and a circular dished pommel disk featuring the koftgari design patterns of flowers in pure hammered gold.

The grip of the Tulwar below the pommel disk narrows at the top and bottom while bulging out in the middle. The crossguard between the grip and the blade features two short but very thick rounded quillions.

The index finger could be wrapped around a quillion rather than the grip providing the swordsman with extra maneuverability of the sword.

Some Tulwars feature a knuckle guard extending from the quillion to the pommel disk, while others do not, both styles of Tulwars were commonly used by Sikhs.

Guru Hargobind, the 6th Sikh Guru is said to have always carried two Tulwars representing his temporal and spiritual authority.

They both had gold onlaid hilts. I small body dent. Good spring action to the multi measure spout. Carved horimono of nice quality. And a fine hamon.

Black lacquer saya, same covered tsuka with copper fittings and copper menuki of birds and flowers [not shown in photo]. The tanto was invented partway through the Heian period, when it was mainly used as a weapon.

With the beginning of the Kamakura period, tanto were forged to be more aesthetically pleasing, and hira and uchi-sori tanto were the most popular styles for wars in the kamakura period.

Near the middle of the Kamakura period, more tanto artisans were seen, increasing the abundance of the weapon, and the kanmuri-otoshi style became prevalent in the cities of Kyoto and Yamato.

Because of the style introduced by the tachi in the late Kamakura period, tant? The introduction of the Hachiman faith became visible in the carvings in the tanto hilts around this time.

The hamon line of temper is similar to that of the tachi, except for the absence of choji-midare, which is nioi and utsuri. Gunomi-midare and suguha are found to have taken its place.

In Nambokucho, the tanto were forged to be up to forty centimetres as opposed to the normal one shaku about thirty centimetres length.

The tanto blades became thinner between the uri and the omote, and wider between the ha and mune. At this point in time, two styles of hamon were prevalent: Blades could be of exceptional quality.

As the end of the period neared, the average blade narrowed and the sori became shallow. The aikuchi is a tanto koshirae where the fushi is flush with the mouth of the saya.

There is no tsuba on this form of tanto. Aikuchi normally have plain wood tsuka, the better types covered in same [rayskin], and many forms of aikuchi have kashira that are made from animal horns, iron or copper.

Tanto were sometimes worn as the sh? With a very active gunome hamon and a chu kissaki [small tip] The blade being so ancient is in remarkable condition for its age.

It does have a few small surface pits and some blade thinning but typical for blades of such incredible age. The tang is o suriage with three mekugi ana.

It has two small cut out areas on the nakago by the habaki. In , the Minamoto family took over the control over Japan after defeating the Taira clan in the Gempei war.

Minamoto Yoritomo was appointed shogun in the year and established a new government, the Kamakura Bakufu. The new feudal government was organized in a simpler way than the one in Kyoto and worked much more efficient under Japanese conditions.

Those quarrels for supremacy found an end in the Jokyu disturbance in when Kamakura defeated the Imperial army in Kyoto, and the Hojo regents in Kamakura achieved complete control over Japan.

By redistributing the land gained during the Jokyu disturbance, they were able to achieve loyalty among all the powerful people throughout the country.

The emperor and the remaining governmental offices in Kyoto lost practically all effective power. N a legal code, the Joei Shikimoku was promulgated.

It stressed Confucian values such as the importance of loyalty to the master, and generally attempted to suppress a decline of morals and discipline.

Tight control was maintained by the Hojo clan, and any signs of rebellions were destroyed immediately. The shogun stayed in Kamakura without much power while deputies of him were located in Kyoto and Western Japan.

Stewards and constables controlled the provinces tightly and loyally. Indeed, the Hojo regents were able to bring several decades of peace and economic expansion to the country until an external power began to threaten Japan.

By , the Mongols had conquered China and became also interested in Japan. Several threatening messages of the powerful Mongols were ignored by Kamakura.

This resulted in the first Mongol invasion attempt in on the island of Kyushu. After only a few hours of fighting, however, the large naval invasion fleet, was forced to pull back because of bad weather conditions.

This was very fortunate for the Japanese since their odds against the large and modern Mongol force were not favourable at all.

Due to good preparations, the Japanese were able to maintain a strong defence for several weeks during a second invasion attempt which occurred in But again, the Mongols were finally forced to withdraw mainly because of bad weather.

Kyushu remained in alert for a possible third invasion attempt, but the Mongols soon had too many problems on the mainland in order to care about Japan.

The consequences of the many years of war preparations against the Mongols were fatal to the Kamakura government since they resulted only in expenditures and no profits.

Many of the loyal men who were fighting for Kamakura, were now waiting for rewards that the government could not pay.

Hence, financial problems and decreasing loyalty among the powerful lords were some of the reasons for the fall of the Kamakura government. An ancient Samurai Tanto with an Armour piercing, single edged, triangular section mu-zori blade made around to a.

In nice polish showing typical narrow hamon of the era. The period is known for the emergence of the samurai, the warrior caste, and for the establishment of feudalism in Japan.

The Kamakura period ended in with the destruction of the shogunate and the short reestablishment of imperial rule under Emperor Go-Daigo by Ashikaga Takauji, Nitta Yoshisada, and Kusunoki Masashige.

Moggi, one of the principal authors of the scandal, were deposited in the Vatican bank, through the good offices of another trusted Vatican banker with a not very clean past record, Mr.

Cesare Geronzi, father of the main stockholder in Gea. As usual, rogatories and controls are impossible. Moggi enjoys a great consideration in the Vatican.

With the image of Luciano Moggi, master of catholic moral, we close the last episode of our investigation about the money of the church.

The age of Marcinkus is now in the archives but the opacity encircling the bank of the Holy See is very far from dissolving in transparent waters.

To give precise numbers is, as it was said, impossible. The few ascertained ones are the following. No Italian authority has ever started an investigation to ascertain the economic weight of the Vatican in its host country.

An enormous power, direct and indirect. In the last decades the catholic world conquered the traditional stronghold of the lay and liberalist Italian minorities, the financial world.

The definition is surely generic and it includes people with different background. But all of them maintain a close relationship with the Vatican hierarchies, with the catholic associations and with the prelature of the Opus Dei.

In an Italy where politics counts less than finance, the catholic church wields more power in the bank business than in the period in which the country was mainly run by the Christian Democratic party.

The lawsuit was part of a global settlement reached late last year between the San Diego Diocese and people who said they had been abused.

The diocese has added 64, members in the last 10 years, growth for which the bishop does not take credit. Conference of Catholic Bishops in the wake of the abuse scandal.

Creating a review board to consult on cases of abuse while offering pastoral care to victims and families.

He will leave behind a diocese that has increased by 64, people in 10 years, added three new schools and several new churches in fast-growing suburbs, expanded its Hispanic ministry, and ordained 23 priests.

The diocese also has been buffeted by the priest sexual-abuse scandals, and forced to close three schools where attendance declined.

In the months ahead, the bishop will need the traits that supporters say he has -- a mix of empathy, humor, decisiveness, real-world savvy and a grounding in faith -- to face what Neuberger says will be 20 more sex-abuse suits.

Saltarelli hopes they can be settled through mediation. Letter to the Editor: The Diocese of Wilmington is to be congratulated for settling the sexual abuse lawsuit brought by Navy Cmdr.

Whitwell " Diocese expresses sorrow for abuse ," Jan. I hope this signals a new relationship between victims of childhood sexual abuse and the individuals or organizations who might have been complicit in the abuse.

Let us hope the settlement also signals to other dioceses the wisdom of moral decisions rather than legal maneuvering that has proven to be harmful to the church in too many courtrooms and statehouses across the country.

Sneak Preview of The Faithful Departed: How did the Catholic faith, which had built up its public influence so steadily during the 20th century, lose all that influence within the span of a generation?

That is the question this book seeks to answer. The most obvious answer is that the sex-abuse scandal that shook the Boston archdiocese in sapped the credibility of the Catholic hierarchy.

The faithful, according to this explanation, would no longer follow the orders issued by bishops who had allowed their priests to prey on altar boys.

That theory seems compelling at first glance. There can be no doubt that the prestige of Catholicism has suffered enormously as a result of the scandal.

But as an explanation of how the Church lost public influence, the theory fails in two respects. First, the decline in Catholic clout was underway long before the first shocking stories of sexual abuse hit the headlines.

Second, the sex-abuse crisis hit several other cities before it struck Boston. If the scandal itself could cause a major shift in political alignments, we should have seen the same changes in other communities.

Priests, nuns in minority at Catholic schools: When Catherine Osimo attended Mater Dei High School in Santa Ana in the s, it was common to see Catholic nuns in their habits heading classrooms and teaching everything from religion to mathematics.

Sisters, brothers and priests from various Catholic religious orders oversaw the education of 1, Mater Dei students, with only two lay people on the faculty, Osimo said.

She is known to students as Sister Catherine Osimo — one of only five with religious titles among the 51 faculty and staff at the Catholic school.

Sanford — Artist Ann Flaherty, facing fears of her own death three years ago, trusts her life to something more than blind chance. Fushek is on paid leave as he awaits trial on seven misdemeanor counts of sexual misconduct with minors.

Diocesan policy calls for pastors to refrain from public ministry while they await resolution of sexual misconduct cases against them.

The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops CCCB is pursuing the work it began nearly 20 years ago on sexual abuse by publishing Orientations for diocesan sexual abuse protocols.

The document is intended to assist Catholic dioceses in Canada in updating their diocesan protocols for the prevention of sexual abuse and for their pastoral response to complaints about possible sexual abuse of minors by clergy or other personnel under diocesan responsibility.

By publishing the Orientations, the CCCB is supporting the work of the Bishops who continue to ensure appropriate measures in their respective dioceses, so children can be in a safe pastoral environment.

These orientations are intended to assist Catholic dioceses in Canada in strengthening their diocesan protocols for the prevention of sexual abuse and the pastoral response to complaints about possible sexual abuse of minors by clergy or other personnel who are under diocesan responsibility.

This document gives priority to creating a safe environment for pastoral activities in which the protection of minors is imperative.

The elements described below repeat, clarify or strengthen the recommendations in From Pain to Hope , which thus is a necessary reference.

Over the past 15 years, the problem of sexual abuse by clergy has highlighted the need for dioceses to adopt effective methods for preventing abuse, for responding to abuse complaints and for reducing risks.

Canadian bishops update sexual abuse guidelines: The orientations were posted Jan. In an interview from Winnipeg, Archbishop Weisgerber described the orientations as "very good and very clear guidelines, with a very strong recommendation from the conference" for the bishops to "adopt or adapt according to their own circumstances.

John Brosnan, a former priest in the Kerry diocese, has pleaded guilty at Tralee Circuit Criminal Court to 53 counts of sexual assault against five members of the same family, aged between nine and 16 years, on dates between and Mr Brosnan has already served four years in prison after he was convicted in of abusing five children in the Kerry area during the early s.

The court heard Mr Brosnan carried out the abuse when he was aged in his early 20s and was studying in Maynooth to become a priest. The assaults happened when he was back in Kerry on holiday from college.

Adams used the cash in to shower a year-old with gifts then raped her repeatedly over a six-month period. Tony Cureton has NOT been accused of any misconduct.

This article is included here for the insight it offers into the demographics of the Catholic priesthood. Tony Cureton is 63 years old, the divorced father of two young women he raised alone.

He is a grandfather, too. He nursed until her death a woman he calls "my beloved in Christ," and still wears the ring she would have given him on their wedding day.

He has been a Girl Scout leader, a cop, a teacher and a monk. Now, he is a new priest of the Roman Catholic Church, a latecomer to a vocation young men are spurning.

A senior priest has been sacked by the Catholic church after admitting an year affair with a married woman. His secret mistress, who has been married more than 25 years, complained to the church after she was dumped by Creegan.

Bishop Vincent Logan confronted year-old Creegan, who admitted the affair. The Jesuits have had a tense relationship with the Vatican on issues of doctrine and obedience.

The Vatican occasionally disciplines Jesuit theologians and issues reminders of the their vows of obedience to the pontiff.

Adolfo Nicolas, a Spanish missionary and theologian with extensive Asian experience who was elected as superior general Jan.

Put pedophile priest scandal behind us now, say the bishops, find closure. What about the rest of the crimes? The church has to take responsibility for what it did, not just to the 20 or 30 thousand people who are walking around the world damaged from sex abuse by pedophile priests in the Catholic church, but its responsibility to the entire American culture.

By allowing pedophiles to operate, protecting them, and covering their crimes, the church is in part responsible for the epidemic of sex crimes against chilren we have in this country today.

Even before the internet they found each other and compared notes. So when word got out that priests were getting away with it, pedophiles in other areas of life got enabled and empowered.

Men who tended toward pedophilia entered the priesthood to gain free access to children. Dick, a student and teacher of gospel nonviolence, marched with Dr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Dick has written a new book, Love in Action: Here is an excerpt note the testimonials from the homepage of his very professional website that he is using to market the book:.

In addition to Catholics, anyone who is working for social change in any realm—peace, justice, human rights, ecology, race relations or any other area of social transformation—can use this book to be more effective in bringing about the changes they envision.

Teaching the Gospel of Management: The reputations of many Roman Catholic parishes have been tarnished in recent years, both by the priest sex-abuse scandals and a growing number of embezzlement cases.

That has prompted a burgeoning movement to improve the management and leadership skills of church officials through new programs being offered primarily at Catholic universities.

We find that business managers at both the parish and diocesan level often have social work, theology or education backgrounds and lack management skills.

Before starting the degree, we ran some seminars in and as a trial balloon to see if folks were interested enough to pay for management education.

The seminars proved to be quite popular, drawing people from all over the country, including high-level officials from both Catholic dioceses and religious orders.

Brazilian journalist Elvira Lobato and the newspaper for which she works, Folha de S. Paulo, the largest daily in Brazil, are the target of at least 28 lawsuits filed by 28 members of the Brazilian-founded and based Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus Universal Church of the Kingdom of God.

The authors of the lawsuits say they were insulted by her investigative report, entitled " Universal turns 30 with a business empire ", published on December 15, By Jennifer Smith Richards Three years after Worthington Christian High School hired Jason Crary, officials heard that something inappropriate had happened with a student at his former school.

That was in Yesterday, Crary pleaded guilty in Wisconsin to four felony counts of sexual assault by a school staff member.

Mike Huckabee will not be speaking this weekend at a north Florida Baptist church facing pending lawsuits that allege molestation and cover-up.

His campaign says he never agreed to it in the first place, contradicting a press release sent out by the church, while a support group for victims says he backed out after they complained.

That announcement has since been removed. The Catholic Diocese of Phoenix has been accused of failing to take the proper steps against a Valley priest awaiting trial on sex charges.

Spokeswoman Barbara Dorris said the church is not doing enough about Monsignor Dale Fushek, who is on administrative leave as a priest and has been preaching at non-denominational services in Mesa.

Posted by Terry McKiernan at 8: A former priest who spent 60 days in jail for sexually abusing a teenage boy in Syracuse will not have similar charges thrown out in Delaware.

A federal judge in Wilmington has rejected a motion to dismiss a lawsuit against Francis DeLuca. DeLuca is accused of sexually abusing a boy in Delaware more than times between and His attorneys had argued that the U.

District Court did not have jurisdiction in the case, however, the judge ruled that the law did not prohibit the federal court from hearing the case.

Former teacher looks to reverse pleas to assault: Hollidaysburg — Terry Sullivan, who served more than a year in prison for indecent assault of several teenage boys, now says he is innocent and wants to withdraw the no-contest pleas he entered three years ago.

Sullivan, a former high school basketball coach and math teacher, is on parole. When it came time for trial, he entered no-contest pleas to indecent assault, unlawful contact with a minor, corruption of a minor and selling or furnishing alcohol to a minor.

The funding was designated for the Silence to Hope project, which provides sexual abuse support groups, workshops, weekend retreats and education and awareness programs for men living in Essex, Kent, Lambton, Huron, Perth, Middlesex, Elgin, Oxford and Norfolk counties.

The program also refers abuse survivors to caregivers and professional help. The money is not only for sexual abuse victims of the church, said Tom Wilken, project coordinator for the Silence to Hope project.

The lawsuit alleges the late Rev. Lawrence Paquette sexually assaulted the boy repeatedly at St. Gregory church and rectory in former St.

Clair Beach, in his car and in hotel rooms across Southern Ontario. He became my friend. The law firm is also launching legal actions against the diocese of Sault Ste.

Marie and a religious order called Congregation of Resurrection in Ontario, alleging sexual abuse by five other priests. A lawyer representing several plaintiffs in lawsuits against the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sault Ste.

Marie is calling on Bishop Jean-Louis Plouffe to follow the lead of colleagues in other parts of Ontario.

Robert Talach says there are examples Plouffe can look to of how to deal fairly with people who claim they were sexually abused as children by priests.

Talach will hold a news conference Monday in Sudbury to announce seven more civil lawsuits by men and women alleging sexual misconduct by six Roman Catholic priests.

All but one of the priests is dead. Five of the priests served at churches in the Diocese of Sault Ste. Priests accused of abuse in city: Marie has been hit with six more civil lawsuits from men and women claiming they were sexually abused as children by priests with the diocese.

The litigation names six Roman Catholic priests, only one of whom is alive. He is Father Gerald Roy of Field. Half of the priests named have been charged or convicted of criminal offences.

Roy is one of them. Diocese faces sex abuse lawsuits: The Roman Catholic diocese of Sault Ste. Marie has been hit with six civil lawsuits from men and women claiming they were sexually abused as children by priests decades ago.

Marie lawsuits, as well as one in London. The firm is suing the Sault diocese, the Roman Catholic diocese of London and the Congregation of the Resurrection in Ontario on behalf of seven plaintiffs.

The insurance company called me the other day. It was time for the annual renewal of the church policy. Indeed, there is an alarming reality, an endemic problem within the global institution we refer to as the Church, a problem at times that seems so pervasive, a disease so dreadfully horrible that the once public perception of the Church as a paragon of virtue, and a model of all that is good and noble in society, appears but a distant memory.

He made it perfectly clear that he had no intention of being on hand Monday, despite the threat of having the Ontario Divisional Court issue a bench warrant for his arrest.

Last fall, the same divisional court found Dunlop in contempt of court when he refused to testify at the inquiry after taking the witness stand.

Dunlop, depending on who is providing the analysis, is viewed as either a celebrated whistleblower or rogue cop who carried out a vigilante investigation while serving with the Cornwall force.

It betrays an insensitivity and a bias that is unacceptable for a newspaper such as the Standard-Freeholder. Child sexual abuse is a horrendous crime.

Historically when it has been committed in families or by members of public or private institutions, the family members and institutional leaders go to any length to deny the fact of abuse and discredit the victim or anyone who reports the abuse.

The campaign to destroy Perry Dunlop is not something the Catholic church or other local organizations dreamed up.

There is nothing praiseworthy in turning what is mistakenly called a "public inquiry" into a pillory for the very people who had the courage to come forward on behalf of defenceless victims.

January 25, Sneak Preview: The book will be formally released next month-- February by Encounter books.

Posted by Kathy Shaw at 8: A federal judge ruled Wednesday that U. District Court was an appropriate place for Robert Quill to file his clergy sexual abuse suit.

Attorneys for the Rev. Elizabeth Church had asked Judge Sue L. Robinson to dismiss the case. Robinson ruled that nothing in the law forbids federal court and that, in the Quill case, federal court was an appropriate venue.

In Danny Croteau was found floating in the Chicopee River. At the time, Father Richard Lavigne, a friend of the Croteau family became the prime suspect.

He was assigned to six different parishes in ten years. In , he was assigned to the small town of Shelbourne Falls where he remained for ten years.

The murder of the year-old altar boy remained unsolved. He became the prime suspect, the only suspect. That, along with small class sizes, a family-like feel and a focus on morality, is why many Brevard County students and their parents choose a Catholic parochial education over a public one.

But those numbers are dwindling, both nationally and locally, a shift that has left Catholic schools struggling to remain viable.

Nationwide, Catholic school enrollment has declined 56 percent since its peak in , when more than five 5 million students attended 12, schools.

Last year, about 2. Shelter says co-founder stole funds: Lana Jacobs, co-founder of St. Francis House homeless shelter for men, has left for St.

Jacobs, 58, is accused of appropriating money intended to pay utility bills and other expenses at the shelter, located at Range Line St.

Her husband, Steve, said he discovered Jacobs had been secretly asking for donations to be sent to a personal post office box only she could access.

When the chips are down and you need cash to settle up some legal matters, unloading some real estate is a good move.

According to the San Jose Mercury News, "Cardinal Roger Mahony announced last year that the archdiocese would sell the Catholic Center and other church properties to raise money to settle hundreds of sexual abuse lawsuits.

Church officials had identified about 50 other nonessential properties that could be sold to fund settlements.

The last major move the Archdiocese made was in , when the nice people of ThriftyPayLess donated the building, helping to extract the church from their troubled digs on James M.

Wood Boulevard once upon a time West Ninth Street after the area endured the riots. Not exactly a case of looking a gift horse in the mouth, but certainly a clever financial spin on regifting nonetheless.

Nearly a year after Budd, 63, was charged with 10 felonies for having an inappropriate sexual contact with a woman he counseled, his attorney, Rich McCluer, pledged to continue challenging those charges on due process and constitutionality issues.

Thompson said he will take the arguments under advisement April 21 and will make a decision some time after that, effectively delaying the Budd case again until probably May.

The case was delayed several times last year because of a very similar case before the Minnesota Supreme Court. In that case, ex-Roman Catholic priest John Bussmann was convicted of having a sexual relationship with two women while giving them religious advice.

The court threw out the conviction saying some evidence unfairly entangled religious doctrine with law. That much is for sure. Robert Gray, was arrested in May and charged with multiple counts of molesting children as much as three decades ago.

A ceremonial procession of hundreds of priests, deacons, cardinals and bishops will precede the Mass at 1: San Francisco -- Former radio talk show host Bernie Ward was given a date of June 9 in federal court in San Francisco on Thursday for a trial on charges of receiving and distributing child pornography on his computer.

The trial date was set by U. District Judge Vaughn Walker, who also scheduled a hearing on pretrial motions for April Ward, 56, a former host on KGO radio in San Francisco, is accused of three counts of receiving child pornography, knowingly distributing it and attempting to distribute it in December and January Ward, a former Catholic priest who is married and has four children, previously hosted a nighttime 10 p.

The town of Southold is joining the New York Coalition to Protect Children in the support of state legislation that would extend the statute of limitations on child sex abuse acts, said Town Supervisor Scott Russell.

Having already passed through the New York State Assembly with nearly unanimous bipartisan support, the bill now is in the state Senate.

The bill would extend the time period in which offenders may be prosecuted for sexual crimes committed against a child younger than age The statute of limitations on child sex crimes would be extended to five years, but that time limit would not begin running until the child has reached age 23 or until the crime is reported to the authorities - whichever happens first.

It is gratifying that Navy Cmdr. The only way the church can regain its credibility is by acknowledging all victims of clerical sexual abuse, apologizing and providing justice to them.

I am grateful to Delaware lawmakers for changing the statute of limitations for civil cases. I hope the church will lead in other states as statute of limitations laws are being challenged.

Justice might be expensive, but it is the right thing to do. The Roman Catholic Church vehemently supports separation of church and state when the question is whether clergy should be mandated to report suspected child abuse.

If the church leadership wants to get involved in a "protection amendment," they should consider supporting the elimination of statutes of limitations for the sexual abuse of children.

The cancer diagnosed in Indianapolis Archbishop Daniel M. The most painful aspect of the job, Buechlein has said repeatedly, has been the clergy sexual abuse crisis, and his response to it locally has been controversial.

It also has complied with new guidelines intended to prevent abuse. To date, the archdiocese has yet to agree to a single case settlement beyond therapy and medical expense payments.

When it comes to childhood predators, society still has it all wrong, says a veteran East Hartford police detective. There have also been questions if pedophiles are attracted in professions that give them power over children - teachers, boy scout leaders, priests - Kenary pointed out, and while there are no specific studies on this, it should be something parents should always be aware of.

But a parent must keep in mind that one could be. Generally under-adequate, from a dysfunctional home, inhibited, with low self esteem, no sense of self or identity, with little education and possibly intellectual deficits, this offender will try anything sexual, and mostly offends against girls.

The crime is usually committed on impulse, inside the family, when the other partner is away, and often involve alcohol.

And he always tries to deny the facts, sometimes blaming the attack on his victim. It took him 37 years. The Catholic Church was associated with scandal and controversy in , when reports of sexual abuse within the church led to regulations worldwide.

A just-released book criticizing the way the Catholic Church has handled abusive priests for decades is gaining national media attention. The first chapter, "The Rectory Boys of El Paso," tells how the city had its own abusive priests in the s with some graphic details from court affidavits.

Podles, a former federal investigator, said in a telephone interview. Priest to serve as bishop in Missouri: For the second time in less than a year, a Roman Catholic clergyman in the Diocese of Knoxville has been appointed to a high office.

James Vann Johnston Jr. Johnston, a Knoxville native, is currently chancellor and moderator of the curia for the Diocese of Knoxville and is the pastor of Our Lady of Fatima Parish in Alcoa, along with its mission, St.

Francis of Assisi Parish in Townsend. Springfield has new bishop: When James Vann Johnston Jr. Johnston, 48, served in the Diocese of Knoxville, Tenn.

He will be ordained as the sixth bishop of Springfield-Cape Girardeau on March When John Leibrecht was announced as the new bishop of the Springfield-Cape Girardeau Catholic Diocese in , his old friends were not surprised.

Leibrecht, known as Jack to his classmates, was voted most likely to succeed when he was in seminary, said the Rev. Ralph "Jake" Duffner, who was in school with Leibrecht back in the s.

Ambrose parish in Chaffey, in the east part of the diocese. New bishop named for Mo. Johnston, a year-old native of Knoxville, will succeed Bishop John Leibrecht, 77, who has led the Springfield-Cape Girardeau diocese for more than 23 years.

Louis Archdiocesan Latin School, St. Louis Preparatory Seminary and later Kenrick Seminary. In , he was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Joseph Ritter of St.

Leibrecht worked in Catholic education in the St. Louis archdiocese for 20 years, including nine years as superintendent. The year-old priest will succeed Bishop John Leibrecht, 77, who presented his retirement to the Pope.

Bishop-designate Johnston, a native of Knoxville, was ordained a priest for the Diocese of Knoxville in Archbishop Raymond Burke of St.

Louis is asking the Vatican to defrock Father Marek Bozek. Father Bozek is the pastor of the St. Posted by Terry McKiernan at 3: Vicki Polin, a counselor specializing in sexual violence, noticed years ago that there seemed to be no Jewish resources for sex abuse victims, and she was uncomfortable referring them to Christian organizations, which she felt might proselytize them or be unable to speak to Jewish issues.

A federal judge in Wilmington has rejected a motion to dismiss a lawsuit in a clergy sexual abuse case. Attorneys representing the Rev.

Francis DeLuca argued unsuccessfully that the U. District Court did not have jurisdiction in the case. The attorneys cited language in the state law eliminating the civil statute of limitations in child sexual abuse cases, saying it designated Superior Court for the cases.

However, Judge Sue Robinson ruled that the law did not prohibit the federal court from hearing the case. The widely distributed news release, which accuses Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary President Paige Patterson of negligence in the early s in dealing with the pastor in question, found a quick venue for further distribution by the alternative media outlet EthicsDaily.

Meanwhile, Patterson released a statement Jan. Patterson said he even moderated the meeting during which Gilyard resigned the church he pastored as a Criswell student.

It was while he was a pastor there that authorities say he started abusing a girl that was in his care, abuse that began when the girl was in middle school, and continued through high school.

Hatfield later pleaded guilty to one count of sexual assault, and Tuesday he was sentenced to at least a year and nine months in prison.

Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain - A Spanish Catholic bishop who linked homosexuality with child molestation has retracted his statement, saying he did not intend to compare the two, press reports said Wednesday.

Alvarez made headlines nearly a month ago by linking homosexuality with paedophilia and by saying that some children desired and possibly even sought out sexual abuse.

The Catholic church ordained women for the first 1, years of Christianity, says a new book by a U. Then, in a struggle for political power in the 12th and 13th centuries, it vilified females, banned married clergy and rewrote its own history to excise clerical women.

Women were made deaconesses equivalent to deacons episcopae bishops , and presbyterae priests , and they preached, heard confessions, performed baptisms and even blessed the bread and wine for communion, says Gary Macy, a theology professor at Santa Clara University in California.

This week Saint Louis University basketball coach Rick Majerus finds himself in a bigger holy war than he ever imagined.

At the time 16 more suits were pending. There may be more now. Two years ago this month, the Rev. Daniel McCormack was arrested for molesting boys.

And the top leaders in the Archdiocese of Chicago who might have stopped him have risen in their church positions. At the height of the sexual abuse scandals in , U.

Catholic bishops adopted a policy calling for the removal of any priest credibly accused of child molestation.

Beforehand, George had argued repeatedly on national television that the "zero tolerance" policy was too stringent. McCormack was first picked up by police in August , but not charged.

But the cardinal refused. McCormack went on to abuse other children. He pleaded guilty last July and was sent to prison. Four months later, the cardinal was elected president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Despite the arrest, he allowed McCormack to receive a priestly promotion. The priest was kept in the West Side parish he served and went on to abuse more children.

McCormack was arrested again in A few weeks later, Rassas was made an auxiliary bishop. And "not in the loop when a school principal came forward in with the first allegation against the priest.

In releasing the report, the tough talking chancellor was hailed as a hero with unquestioning acceptance by the Chicago Tribune.

The cardinal bestowed Lago with even greater responsibility in handling abuse. The question not raised: Should Lago have been fired? De Pere — A survivors group for people abused by clergy wants the St.

Norbert Abbey to help turn over to authorities a priest accused of molesting a boy during a four-day visit to St.

Norbert College in the s. In , Smith was found guilty in a federal civil suit in Delaware of sexually assaulting Ken Whitwell, now 39, over a three-year period in the s.

The year-old man who served as vicar of the Episcopal Church of St. George in Gatesville was sentenced to three years in state prison after a Lampasas County judge found him guilty of sexually assaulting a boy in a Lampasas church rectory.

See also a transcript of the Talach interview , a Sylvestre timeline , a Vatican abuse timeline , a Sylvestre photo gallery , a brief report on the worldwide problem of abuse by cl ergy, and documents in the Sylvestre case.

The flat, fertile farmland of southwestern Ontario is populated with towns and communities whose spiritual lives have been tended, for generations, by Roman Catholic clergy.

The priests of these communities are the living symbols of God on earth and the relationship with their parishioners is based on trust and faith.

But, for more than four decades, beginning in the s, at least one Catholic priest preyed on the young girls of his parishes. By the time he was arrested and convicted, Father Charles Sylvestre was identified as one of the worst pedophile priests in Canadian history.

The number of his known victims is in the dozens, but is potentially far greater than that. Their response, at the time, was to send Sylvestre to a retreat in Montreal before police investigators could question him.

They would send him two more times to treatment facilities. He retired in It took the jury only about 20 minutes to deal with the case of Sylvestre, who died in prison almost one year ago to the day, on Jan.

Inquests are mandatory when a person dies in prison, but in one of the most rapid death-in-custody hearings in recent memory, the jury found Sylvestre died of natural causes.

A Fermanagh-based priest jailed last year in England for helping to fund the grooming of a young girl for sex by a paedophile has lost his attempt to appeal against his sentence.

Adams, originally from Belfast but with an address in Bootle in Merseyside, raped the girl repeatedly over a six-month period in A Lampasas Episcopal priest pleaded guilty to one count of sexual assault and was sentenced to three years in state prison.

Police arrested Reverend Jim Wooldridge last January. They began investigating him after a year-old and one of his parents came forward with the abuse allegations.

The report is a 5. It does not mention abuse by priests but provides useful information about sexual abuse generally. Three siblings who say they were molested as children by the same Los Angeles priest filed new allegations of abuse this week against a worldwide religious order, which is the only Roman Catholic organization involved in the 6-year-old clergy scandal that has yet to settle any civil claims.

The three allege the Salesian Society, with 16, priests, ignored clear signs that Father Titian Miani was a dangerous pedophile.

Over the years, he was placed in a succession of church roles in different locations, including a boys orphanage in Canada and a boys school in Bellflower, where he preyed on more than a dozen children, according to the civil lawsuit.

The allegations, filed Tuesday in Los Angeles County Superior Court, contend that the Salesian Society routinely transferred its accused members "often internationally" and placed loyalty to clergy "far above the duty to protect poor and vulnerable children.

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